1. A student interested in truth must view entire texts and not selected pieces. Refusing to consider this rule necessary will engender many errors. Devotionals teach devoted students to err in this way.
2. Texts often ‘presuppose’ other texts that pertain to the same topic. It is a great error to assume that a text stands alone and can be disconnected. (Many texts ‘assume’ that readers have already read and understood the basics found in the first books of the Bible.)
3. No matter what one may already doctrinally believe, the Scriptures are not intended to be a volume for proving one’s own point! (Rather, one’s doctrines must always be subject to the Scripture’s correction.)
“Yet I am certain that Yehovah designed the Bible so that folks who love error and will not believe the Truth can construct their error from the Bible”.
Religion in general is good for society since it gives a ‘temporary anchor’ for the soul and an ethical and moral framework. Very few religions are totally evil in this regard…. NO ‘Religion’ leads to everlasting life.
Faith in Yehovah leaves to the one true religion that the Bible describes:
James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, “To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.”
This pure Biblical religion declared above, is almost unknown (even if it is described in just one verse in the Bible.) Anyone desiring truth will NOT find it ‘through religion’ though the person might ‘accidentally’ hear truth through many false religions.
4. It is vital to perfectly establish and consider the following points (if pertinent) when examining texts:
• Who is the speaker? This doesn’t ONLY mean, ‘To whom was the prophecy given to speak?’ Just because Isaiah was speaking does not mean that he is the speaker. He is the ‘quoter’. The speaker is the ‘originator’ of the statement. (All prophecy is the testimony of Messiah Yeshua), but that doesn’t make Him the speaker. Asking, “Who is the speaker?” is the same as asking, “To whom is the Scripture directing our attention as we listen to that person’s words?”
• To whom is the speaker speaking? Follow the same principles as mentioned above. Assuming that the speaker is speaking ‘to me’ is illegitimate. That will rarely be the case, and the reader will have to supply proof if it is.
• About whom is the speaker speaking?
• What is the timing of the passage? That is, when is it true? When is it not true or not pertinent? When is it promised to happen? When are ALL the events of the text fulfilled? This will usually call for careful consideration.
Assuming that a passage is intended for ‘today’ makes ‘us’ seem pretty important. That is arrogance. Some see themselves as the object of all of God’s blessings in every generation. They hope to be free from all results of the ‘Fall’ and to avoid all God’s curses.
They take the attitude (though usually not stating it this way), “All the blessings are for me and the “cursings” are for Israel that turned away from God.” Such dishonest readings will lead to ‘excellent’ handling of texts with all consideration of all points, and with the wrong understandings and answers.
Yehovah designed the Bible so that folks could freely misuse it, almost with consistency. It is also designed so that the rare person who desires to know truth will see it clearly, and will not understand how another could see error on its pages.
• What is the location of an event? Many errors occur if a reader doesn’t consider that a specific location is the target of a text. For example, if Yehovah promises destruction to Babylon, He isn’t promising destruction to [Greenland].
• What authority does the speaker have? Just because Bildad says it’s so doesn’t make it so.
• The Spiritual status of a person must not be considered good enough evidence to accept or deny a statement he makes. Balaam was a truly damned fool, but his prophecies are true.
• View texts literally unless there is COMPELLING evidence to do otherwise. If taking a text literally leads to violation of other texts in the Scriptures, determine how it must be taken. If it doesn’t, believe it the way it is. For example, the opening chapters of Genesis teach that a man is not a tree. The seed of a man is different from the seed of a tree, and they were created on different days. Yet the Assyrian is called ‘a cedar’ in Lebanon in Ezekiel. This text must not be considered instructing about a racial ‘tree’ that comes to power. The Assyrian is being likened to a giant cedar in certain aspects. The reader who understands these aspects will understand the text.
• Texts that cannot and must not be taken literally must be viewed through Scriptural usage examples and not through understandings derived from American culture, personal preferences or opinions. “Ye are the salt of the earth” is about tastiness of food and preservation in American culture. The Scriptures explain that salt increases palatability in food, and the Israelis likewise have been assigned to increase palatability in life.
• ‘Truth’ is not fully hidden from those outside of faith. Therefore, it does not always take a ‘Spiritually’ living person to handle a text properly. Assuming that one must view a text through ‘spiritual eyes’ in order to properly understand it is a great error. Most who view texts through such filters are arrogating ‘high callings’ to themselves.
“Those who spiritualize…Tell spiritual lies…Because they lack spiritual eyes”.
• Because the Scriptures are meant for children, proper understandings of texts will usually not be complex. If the text appears complex or Spiritually deep, the reader has probably misunderstood it.
• Identify all ‘pronouns’ in a text. Establish this with proof or very strong evidence. Do not assume. Determine whether the pronouns are singular or plural. The King James Version has often been of great help in this area. Thee, thou, thy and thine are singular while ye, you and your are plural.
• Know Biblical terms and their definitions used when the translation was completed. For example, ‘prevent’ in the King James Version is ‘precede’ in modern English.
5. Consider one text:
2 Chronicles 7:13 (If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people;  If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.)
To what CAN this text refer?
To what DOES this text refer?
Do you get the point?
PDF FILE – Also to the Greek
This PDF download is an extract from an untitled book which is in production compiling an anthology of written pieces by Arthur Glass. Footnotes appearing in the PDF document are by Mr. Glass’ grandson, James Wilson.
To view the PDF, or download, use this link:
This is a 1975 recording of Arthur Glass speaking on the subject of death.
The Start of Death
2 megs, 2:54 minutes
Reign of Death
6.7 megs, 9:49 minutes
Engulfing of religion by Death
3.7 megs, 5:24 minutes
Death Gives No Reason
1.7 megs, 2:32 minutes
Enigma of Death
3.7 megs, 5:20 minutes
Person of Death
5.5 megs, 8:04 minutes
Death of Death
5.1 megs, 7:27 minutes
2.4 megs, 3:31 minutes
What is the greatest lack today – that goes for all churches and all denominations – in Christian life, work and experience? Rather than keep you guessing, let me just get to it – the fear of God.
The Fear of God -1985
(“Christianitys Greatest Lack”)
2 megs, 12:55 minutes
6.7 megs, 12:08 minutes
3.7 megs, 10:24 minutes
1.7 megs, 9:37 minutes
3.7 megs, 8:56 minutes
5.5 megs, 12:06 minutes
5.1 megs, 9:46 minutes
2.4 megs, 3:04 minutes
8.9 megs, 11:20 minutes
8.3 megs, 12:24 minutes
Religions are anchors for souls. A religion is a system of beliefs, usually including gods and sometimes goddesses, that incorporates morality and ethics and prescribed behaviours for life and living. Religions are anchors for folks whether or not they are true or truth. A person has a personality that is built in, a character that the person determines, and a religion that the person finds useful for living according to the person’s own determined character.
Anyone who attacks the religion of another is attacking the foundation for the person’s character, and is also attacking the very anchor for the person’s soul by which the person is kept from deteriorating into total lawlessness. It is a great evil to attack the religion of another; it is akin to attacking the person, and sometimes to attacking an entire culture. It will cause wars, and is totally unnecessarily.
Anyone who fears the God of Avraham, Isaac and Jacob will not attack the religion of another. Even when Yehovah commanded the annihilation of the Canaanites, His command was to destroy them. Only after they were destroyed were the Israelis then commanded to destroy their images; that command was so that the Israelis would not take up where the Canaanites left off (worshipping their gods and goddesses and doing their vile, sinful practices).
The only being who has the right to destroy the religion of anyone is a god/God. Persons who take this upon themselves are deifying themselves; they are violating what alone is the right of a god/God. That is self-idolatry. They do no service, and they cause the needless deaths of folks who are not even involved. They create situations for riots and slaughters. They feel innocent, but they are as guilty as those who slaughter the innocent. They feel as if they are doing their own deity a service when in fact they are demonstrating that their own deity doesn’t have the power to take care of things for himself/herself! No one turns a person to truth by destroying error. A person must voluntarily turn to truth, and not be forced by external force. There is no such thing as forced faith.
The following comparisons and contrasts of the deity in Islam and the deity in the Bible are not made with contempt for one faith and respect for another; they are considerations that followers of both faiths will mainly find agreeable. (If not, a person in either faith can correct me by emailing me on this website.)
Note: Many hold the view that there is one God, and that different folks hold different interpretations of that one God (including his character, what he wants, what he does, and which books represent him and his will). Their views don’t allow for the idea that the deity of Islam and the deity of Christianity (for examples) are two different deities, but rather just different views of exactly the same deity. I do not approach this paper from this view. If I hear a description of a deity that includes characteristics that are the opposite of another deity’s characteristics, I view the two deities as distinct deities. (I personally don’t hold the view that there is more than one true deity, but rather that there is one real and many false gods; if there were more than one real deity, they would be fighting with each other!)
Every human—even within the same religious frame—has a different view of the characteristics of God. While those who hold the same religious frame also believe that they all within that frame have the same God, most also believe that others outside of that frame also believe in the same God, but with wrong interpretations of his characteristics! In this discussion, I will treat the deities as distinct. I will call one “the deity of the Bible” and the other “the deity of Islam.” Since many who are educated within Islam hold the view that the Bible has been altered by the Jews, and thus the deity of the Bible has been altered, discussing the two deities in this way seems the wisest. I will therefore compare and contrast these two deities without casting a vote for which one is right.
Comparisons and Contrasts
Islamic Deity Characteristics
Biblical Deity Characteristics
|There is only one God.
|There is only one God.
|This point is the same. The universe and beyond only has one God.
|God can only be manifested as one being.
|God can appear in different forms, depending on the situation: as Angel Yehovah, as Yehovah of Hosts (Yehovah over the armies), as a man, and as a mortal.
|The deity of Islam doesn’t make personal appearances to humans unless to speak to his prophet; he remains hidden.
|God does not appear as a human.
|God does appear as a human at various times, and can be born as a mortal in one place at one time (while still being God and being everywhere).
|The Gods (plural, but being one deity) of the Bible is able to appear and live among humans; the deity of Islam will never do such a thing, and will always remain only ‘transcendent’ (that is, beyond what humans can see and know).
|God looks to humans to bring about his will.
|Yehovah does not need or desire the help of humans to bring about His will; He calls humans to obey, but not to be entrepreneurs for the faith or for Him. (Being entrepreneurs for Him interferes!)
|In Islam, if the deity is insulted, a faithful Muslim is under obligation to defend the reputation of the deity. In the Biblical faith, if the deity is insulted, a faithful follower of the Bible has no business defending the deity. The deity can fight for Himself. The faithful follower certainly can defend the Israelis, as David did in the war with Goliath, but defending Yehovah’s Name is up to Yehovah.
The same thing is true when it comes to bringing in the kingdom of the deities. Followers of Islam are under obligation to bring the kingdom of their deity to earth; followers of the Bible cannot possibly do this, and to try to do this is to insult Yehovah (and to bring Yehovah’s wrath).
|God has already sent the final prophet, and his name is Mohammed.
|Yehovah certainly hasn’t sent any final prophet; that won’t occur until the end of the Tribulation.
|The deity in Islam has nothing more to say; he is finished speaking until the judgment. His final words were through the prophet Mohammed. Yehovah has much more to say, and He won’t be finished speaking to folks on earth as long as the earth lasts.
|God has very different afterlife promises for men and for women.
|Yehovah will judge men and women with the very same standard, and will reward with the very same rewards.
| The Islamic deity has sexually based promises for men who are faithful and go to the heavens; those promises are very different from the ones for women who are faithful. Yehovah, on the other hand, has promises that are not sexually based. Those promises are in forms of rank and responsibility achieved by faithfulness during mortal life, and will be permanently granted on the New Earth. Thus, descriptions of ‘heaven’ for Islamic followers and the New Earth for Biblical followers are extremely different.
|Removal of sin in Islam is accomplished by works of the person who sinned.
|Removal of sin in the Bible is accomplished by works of Yehovah Himself, and not by the sinner.
|In Islam, a person can be a vile and violent sinner, and continue in that lifestyle, while suicidally dying for the Islamic faith; that person will be cleared of all sin. In the Bible, a person can start out being a vile and violent sinner, and then turn to truth and the fear of Yehovah, looking to Him for forgiveness of sin; if he or she then suicidally dies to save the lives of others, he or she is a great hero/heroine of faith.
Islam has nothing to do with a human who is God being a sacrifice for sin; that is considered an abomination in Islam. The Biblical faith supports the idea of God being perfectly able to come as a human and to be a sacrifice to save the lives of others and to remove sin.
|God cannot die. He cannot transform himself into a form that can die.
|Yehovah can easily take part of Himself and send that part as a fully mortal human to die for others (while God, as a whole, cannot and will not die).
|Yehovah is not limited in this area. It is both possible and reasonable to take part of himself and reserve that part as a mortal. The Biblical deity is described with far fewer restrictions on what he can and cannot do. The Islamic deity’s oneness is so absolute, that separating himself into parts just isn’t possible or reasonable; the very idea is an abomination. Yehovah, on the other hand, is everywhere, and thus he can be in two places at one time, in three places at one time, and at an infinite number of places at one time, with one of those manifestations being fully mortal.
|The words of the final prophet, Mohammed, supersede the words of all previous prophets.
|The words of all true prophets are the very words of Salvation (Yeshua), and no speech of any prophet supersedes the speeches of any other prophets.
|Since Mohammed is the final prophet in Islam, and since his words stand above all others, the prophet ‘Jesus’ (whom followers of Islam recognize as being one of the prophets of the Islamic deity) and his words are not the final say in matters of faith and truth. If Mohammed said something, anything that ‘Jesus’ said was of less standing than what Mohammed said.
In the Biblical faith, Salvation himself is the source of all true prophecy that has ever been given, and thus all prophecy of that nature stands on equal footing. There is no changing of Truth with time or circumstances.
|The Islamic deity didn’t preserve a correct copy of the ‘Old Testament.’
|Yehovah has preserved the ‘Old Testament’ such that it is the rule of faith and the basis of Truth.
|According to followers of Islam, the deity infallibly gave truth in the form of what we in English call the ‘Old Testament’ or in Hebrew, the Tenach (the Torah, the Prophets and the Writings). The Jews handled it, and later the Jews corrupted it so badly, that truth was lost; the prophet Mohammed thus was sent to speak on this Bible and explain what it was truly about. That speech is the Koran/Quran; it is the Islamic ‘New Testament’ of their deity. If there is an uncorrupted form of the ‘Old Testament,’ it is not disseminated, and is therefore unavailable; followers of Islam need only to listen to and obey the Koran.
According to followers of the ‘New Testament,’ the ‘Old Testament’/Tenach is Truth. Beyond this, there is much disagreement as to whether or not the ‘New Testament’ changes the will of God regarding the ‘Old Testament’/Tenach. Some believe that both are unchanged and unchanging, while a large group believes that their deity abolished the Law (Torah), and thus changed the means of salvation from sin, etc.
According to followers of the Tenach, the Tenach isn’t changed or changing, and it is Truth. Beyond this, however, there are many who believe that the deity of the Tenach spoke far beyond the Tenach, giving also the Talmud that interprets the Tenach. Thus, the Talmud is a ‘New Testament’ in Judaism. It significantly interprets what the Tenach declared, and those who take the Tenach literally and without the aid of the Talmud’s commentaries are in violation of the will of their deity.
There are some—a very small number—who believe the ‘Old’ and ‘New Testaments’ as agreeing, as having no changes in the deity described, in the deity’s plan, and in the consistence between the writings. Folks with this faith don’t fit well in any of the major religions that claim a basis in the God of Avraham.
|The Islamic deity isn’t concerned about the deaths of infidels. Their slaughters are well deserved, and he is well pleased with their deaths and those who cause their deaths.
|Yehovah never takes pleasure in the deaths of those outside of faith. While slaughters are sometimes well deserved because of the vileness of very sinful practices, Yehovah sometimes preserves pagan idolaters who either are not practicing vile sins, or who will turn from vile sinning to living within boundaries. He often sustains peaceful pagans and idolaters.
|The deity in Islam commands the subjugation and slaughter of those outside of the Islamic faith if they won’t turn. Yehovah the deity of the Bible isn’t interested in his followers subjugating other races; if there is subjugating to be done, he will do it himself (as in the Millennium), and he will do it to save lives and not to slaughter.
Islam’s deity doesn’t command the thrust to save the lives of infidels (those outside of Islamic faith); Yehovah’s thrust is always to save lives. When he slaughters or commands a slaughter, He does so to limit vile sinning and violence against the innocent.
The difference between normal sinning and vile sinning is that vile sinning always has to do with violence. Yehovah hates violence against the innocent, whether or not the innocent are pagan (‘infidels’), and He hearkens to the shouts of pagans when they are being mistreated by the violent (whether the violent are religious or not). Yehovah is interested in life, and He hates what breeds and causes death.
Every person is made in the image of Yehovah, according to the Biblical faith, and thus the slaughter of every person is worthy of mourning.
|The Islamic deity cannot tolerate ‘competition’ from any other deity.
|Yehovah isn’t concerned about competition from ‘no gods’ (non-existing gods) except when it comes to Israel. He becomes very angry and jealous when the Israelis whore with a ‘no god (non-existing god),’ and He intentionally throws Israel into the hands of enemies who worship false gods so that the Israelis can shout out to the pagans’ gods for help until they wise up and see that they don’t work for Israel. In the meantime, Yehovah often makes sure that they are greatly diminished until they turn from false gods.
When other groups besides Israel go after false gods, Yehovah doesn’t interfere unless they become vile and violent in their sinfulness.
|The Islamic deity commands and desires his followers to convert the world to him, ruling out all competition by destroying the competition. Yehovah commands no such thing, since he will take down idols in his own time and in his own way as he describes in the Tenach. He needs no help and desires no help from any of His followers to destroy competition from false gods among the other races, instead desiring to win some from the races through His mighty works and goodness. He has commanded the Israelis to rid Israel of all false gods and to put Israelis to death who will not rid themselves of these gods if and when Israel is in the land of Israel and is obedient to the Torah. Under any other conditions, as when Israelis are in the Land of Israel and not being obedient to the Torah, or when the Israelis are outside of the Land of Israel, Yehovah Himself will deal with Israeli idolatry.
No individual Israeli has the right to enforce the no idols policy on other Israelis except under the two conditions: Israelis are in the land, and all Israel is under the rule of the Torah. Even then, the individual Israeli must bring the accusation of idolatry to the gates of the city for the accusation to be researched. Personal vengeance is not permitted by the deity of the Bible.
The Israelis are commanded to treat pagan and idolatrous travelers very well while they are in the Land of Israel as sojourners (when the Torah is being practiced by entire Israel). Idolatrous travelers must be made aware that they cannot practice idolatry in the land while they are there as sojourners, but their faiths and objects that they have among their stuff are their own business.
|The Islamic deity concentrates on past glories. Followers of devoted Islam are still living in the world of the crusades, seeing the occupation of Jerusalem by infidels as being a continuation of the crusades. The main focus of modern fundamental Islam is the infidel and the past, and on followers of Islam being righteous, including clearing out the infidel.
|The Biblical deity concentrates on the future. He commands personal and group righteousness first before there can be peace, and connects the personal and group righteousness of Israelis and all Israel with peace. He guarantees that this will occur in the future, only citing the past as ways of telling what will come and whether or not it is of the Biblical deity.
|Any group that is backward-looking tries to preserve and conserve. This is what is destroying conservative Christianity—a form of mainline Christianity that is destroying itself. A group that is forward-looking, knowing what is coming and how to rightly behave will not attempt to conserve and preserve past glories, but will work for the future and for life.
Personal and group righteousness will be the main focuses if any faith will be consistently beneficial to society. Faiths that stare at the past will trip and fall in the present, and will not exist in the future. The past is good from which to learn; history is an excellent teacher if the history is a true history; but those who only stare at history and who have no real view to the future are walking backward, and will trip and fall. Religions that see past glories and that have few present glories can become havens for bitterness.
|The Islamic deity is known by non-Islamic folks for being a revenge deity that permits great cruelty among his followers. Fear of death and pain are some of the greatest draws to this deity. There is almost no publically taught concept of love associated with this deity.
|Yehovah does take vengeance against the violent and vile sinners who will breed death among the innocent (including ‘innocent’ pagan idolaters), but he never destroys the innocent with the wicked. He does promote fear among humans, and this fear is a real fear. Yet, he is to be feared because forgiveness is with him. He has no desire to draw anyone to him by a fear of death and pain. He doesn’t permit cruelty to increase followers. He offers life, not pain and death. He demonstrates the strongest love toward anyone from any group and from any religion if that person delights in doing right, delights in practicing appropriate personal justice (not including uncommanded vengeance), and demonstrates selflessness.
|Islam is a religion that permits and commands coercion. The Biblical faith is never obtained by coercion or anything related to it. If anyone will obtain faith in the Biblical deity, it will be by some means that the person pursues, never by coercion.
Some forms of Christianity strongly believe in a Calvinistic approach with God and the spirit of God coercing folks to believe. These forms of Christianity are in violation of the Bible. Yehovah indeed coerces, but not when it comes to faith. He coerces when it comes to bringing what He has determined to do; yet, no person will ever come to faith by this means. Coercion destroys the basis of faith.
A good and true faith will never need to use coercion to win adherents. A good and true faith will not be threatened by dissent.
|The Islamic deity is threatened by dissent against the Koran and against the prophet Mohammed.
|The Biblical deity isn’t threatened by anything. All acts of blasphemy (insult) against the prophets of Yehovah and Yehovah himself, and all attempts to destroy copies of the Bible are considered non-threatening to the faith and to the deity, and therefore are not reasons to rally. Yehovah can easily show His own power in any age and at any time and place that he desires. Insulting his prophets and destroying his writings aren’t threatening to him.
A king once burned a copy of the prophet Jeremiah’s scroll; Yehovah told Jeremiah to write it again. If all copies of the Bible were destroyed, Yehovah would just dictate it again. If all the prophets had been killed, Yehovah would have raised up other prophets, and could easily have raised those prophets themselves from the dead.
|If folks burn the Koran and blaspheme the prophet Mohammed, faithful followers of Islam feel obliged to avenge—that is, to slaughter to uphold the name and importance of the deity of Islam. The Koran (that is, the physical book in any language) is more valuable than a human life.
If folks burn copies of the Bible and blaspheme the deity of the Bible and his prophets, those who believe in the Bible will not see any reason to harm those doing the burnings and blaspheming. If, on the other hand, a synagogue is set ablaze, one who fears God may attempt to save the precious scrolls at the risk of his/her life. That is risking self, not destroying others, for the sake of a precious scroll.
While the scriptures are much more valuable than individual lives in the Islamic and Biblical faiths, in Islam, killing others to maintain the importance of the scriptures (and thus, defending the scriptures and the deity associated with the scriptures) is a vital part of true faith. In the faith of the Bible, saving the lives of others to maintain and prove the importance of the scriptures (and thus, defending the innocent, including innocent pagans) is a vital part of true faith.
|The Islamic deity cannot tolerate divergent teachings; the teachings must all be the same, and from the same sect of Islam.
|Yehovah cannot tolerate the Israelis going after other gods, and will judge them for this. Apart from this, there is nothing in the Bible that disallows writings that challenge or disagree with what Yehovah has taught. Thus, a person can be a faithful follower of Yehovah and have books on evolution, books written by Greek homosexual philosophers, on witchcraft, etc. Yehovah has commanded those who fear Him to refuse to practice idolatry (including pornography), but He never commanded against having anything to do with idolaters and the pagans of this world.
|Islam cannot tolerate competition. The deity of the Bible will always prove himself through competition. The entire seven years of Tribulation will be a competition between the greatness of the antichrist (the Assyrian) and Yehovah. Yehovah will maintain the rules of this competition so that the demonic angels cannot use their great powers to directly slaughter the good guys, but they can work through the bad guys to slaughter the good guys. Yehovah, on the other hand, will give the Saints the power to save the lives of some of the bad guys, showing Yehovah’s goodness, even while Yehovah himself will slaughter a huge number of the bad guys. Thus, followers of Yehovah will be competing to save lives; followers of other deities will be competing to kill. Yehovah will then cause all false gods to quit working.
Followers of Yehovah will fight in wars, and will be great warriors. They will slaughter marvelously, but they will also be kind to captured enemies who weren’t known for torturing others.
|The deity of Islam never maintains false gods (‘no gods’) so that they work; he instead sets about to destroy them (that is, their images) using his followers.
|Yehovah maintains the demons to empower the false gods (the ‘no gods’) so that individuals and groups have a temporary anchor for their souls through their false gods. Thus, prayers to the false gods are answered as often (or perhaps more so) than prayers to Yehovah (since real prayers to Yehovah are so rare).
|Islam must destroy all other gods. Yehovah, on the other hand, makes certain that they work so that there is peace in societies to a far greater degree than there would be were all gods to quit working. Yehovah doesn’t fear competition. When the time is right, he will ‘pull the plug’ on false gods.
The great Soviet experiment included attempting to wipe out all religion, the opiate of the masses. The result was a condition in which citizens had no anchors for their souls. Lawlessness and violence, hatred and cruelty went unchecked. When folks will not believe in Truth, they need a religion to give them stability in life. Where there is no religion, there can be no ethics or morality, since both always assume a deity.
Yehovah will not stop the false gods by sending followers to root them out; he will just stop them from working; followers of false gods will abandon them as trash once they see that they aren’t working.
|The Islamic deity claims to have no idols, but the Cube (in Mecca) acts as an image in Islam. Any attempt to harm the Cube is an attempt against the deity.
|Yehovah Himself has made certain that the Temple in Israel was destroyed when the Israelis went after other gods and were kicked out of the Land of Israel. There is no icon or holy item in the faith of Yehovah that is a representation of Him except two: The lid of the Ark of the Testimony, and his image that every human wears. Concerning the lid, once it was made, it was hidden from sight. The lid teaches about Yehovah, but the Ark and its lid are never worshipped or sought on a hajj (a pilgrimage).
Every human (Israeli, Islamic, eastern, African, head-hunting, whatever) is made in the image of Yehovah. Having this physical image (the human body) is a responsibility. How one treats others (including prisoners) reflects on how one is treating Yehovah because these others wear the very image of Yehovah. Yehovah designed every human to be a holy (owned by him) image of God. Most have no desire to be owned by the deity of the Bible, choosing to be self-owned or owned by other deities.
|Islam treats its holy sites as if they are images of their deity. Thus, while they claim to have no images, they have very large images.
|The Islamic deity has very different values for its male humans and its female humans, for free persons and for slaves.
|Yehovah claims that both males and females of the human species are made in his image; their value is the value of his image. The same is true for slaves.
|Faithful followers of Islam’s deity can harm others without trials under certain circumstances, like women and slaves, without drawing the wrath of their deity. Even cutting off bodily parts for numerous reasons is considered a legitimate form of punishment.
Yehovah, on the other hand, commanded amputation for only one easily avoidable crime (or as civil vengeance for intentional amputation of others).
Women in the Bible are some of the greatest of the heroes and heroines, and they are never blamed for the fall of man into sin. Women have as much opportunity to be leaders in rank as men, and no Israeli man is permitted to mistreat an Israeli or non-Israeli woman, period.
|The Islamic deity is not personal.
|The Biblical deity is very personal.
|Being personal includes physically appearing, directly speaking to folks, and participating in the details of important situations—situations important to the deity.
The Islamic deity sees what humans do, but rarely interferes. Yehovah sees what humans do, and participates whenever He chooses in any way He chooses. Thus, He can appear to a woman working in a field to tell her that she will become pregnant, and to tell her how to deal with the child before the child is born and as the child grows.
A woman who is unmarried can physically hug the Biblical deity if he appears as a man. This is totally unreasonable for the Islamic deity.
|The Islamic deity commands women to conceal themselves, and thus their beauty, in order to diminish the lust of the men.
|The Biblical deity commands men and women to show self-control. The only command for Israelis regarding dress is for them to dress modestly.
In the Bible, whores used to cover their faces to show that they were whores (see Genesis 38:14,15).
|The Islamic deity calls for control over the environment to control the behaviours of humans. This doesn’t work, of course, since humans in war do whatever they desired to do in the first place, and they aren’t blamed for these things by the Islamic deity.
The deity of the Bible calls for self-control in all circumstances, since others are in his image. Thus, one who fears Yehovah may take slaves in war, but raping a woman taken as prisoner is a violation against Yehovah. Even if a man sees a completely naked woman, if he fears Yehovah, he will seek to cover her, and not to mistreat her or berate her for being immodest.
The differences between the above-described deities are very great and numerous. The expectations from the deities are very different, and the treatment of humans will be very different under the different faiths.
I am glad to have anyone knowledgeable in Islam correct me if I am wrong on any of these things that I have said, and to show me from the Koran (and not from some other source) that I have been mistaken. I will be glad to correct what is wrong. I prefer that this be done one fact at a time, however, and with proof.
Persons under any faith system will greatly vary in behaviours and practices. This is part of the make-up of humans. Since character is voluntary, some will choose a character that is kind to those outside of their faiths while others will choose a character that is cruel and unkind. Thus, a person who is very devoted to fundamental Islam might be very kind to a so-called ‘infidel’ without any compunction to destroy the ‘infidel,’ while another who is very devoted to the same faith might have only contempt and hatred for an ‘infidel.’ A person who fears Yehovah, the Gods of Avraham, Isaac and Jacob doesn’t have the liberty of varying in this way. If such a person shows contempt and hatred to another on the basis alone that that person doesn’t hold the Biblical faith (such a hatred being a form of racism), that person proves that he/she doesn’t fear Yehovah at all. Forms of racism all hold Yehovah in contempt (as if He were stupid for designing cultural and colour differences among humans).
A faith that is strong will hold up even when the environment is totally antagonistic to its principles, ethics and morality. A faith that is weak and yet zealous must force the environment and all who are in that environment to conform. The strength of a faith reflects the supposed strength of the faith’s deity. Some faiths just cannot survive outside of their own environmental bubbles; others can survive anywhere and at any time.
Contentions between followers of faiths that are about the differences in the faiths are really contentions between the deities of those faiths. If one of the deities is truly God and the others aren’t, there won’t be any problem overcoming a non-existing god; that is like shadowboxing. If both of the deities aren’t real, the followers of one deity will either win on the basis of the strength of followers or there will be a tie on the same basis; a non-existing god can’t do much.
If the group with the real deity has angered the deity such that the group won’t be permitted to win until the group becomes righteous, the reputation of the deity will be harmed and lowered in accordance with the loss suffered by the deity’s people/peoples. If, on the other hand, the deity that is real publicly warns its people/peoples of the loss of war, how it will occur, and why—what specifically is being done that is wrong that infuriates the deity, and all the details that will occur in this process, these things will enhance the reputation of the deity instead of diminishing it. Yehovah warned Israelis and Israel, telling them exactly what angers him, what he will do to the Israelis, and how he will disperse them among the idolatrous, pagan races because of their violations. He also gave details of how this situation will continue and how it will end.
The fight between the Palestinians and Israel is truly a fight between deities. The fight between the Islamic world and Israel is also a fight between deities. Humans can try to help their deities by fighting in their deities’ places, but what makes more sense is to ask the deities to fight for themselves; the best (and real) deity will win.
Judges 6:24 And Gidon built an altar there to Yehovah. And he called to him Yehovah-Shalom-unto-This-Day. He is yet in Aphrah father of the Ezreem. 25And he was in that night. And Yehovah said to him, “Take the bull of the ox that is to thy father, and a second seven-year bull. And thou shalt tear-down the altar of Baal that is to thy father. And thou shalt cut the asherah that is by him. 26And thou shalt build an altar to Yehovah thy Gods upon the head of this stronghold in a battle-line. And thou shalt take the second bull. And thou shalt make-ascend an ascension via trees of the asherah that thou shalt cut.” 27And Gidon took ten men from his slaves. And he did just-as Yehovah spoke unto him. And he was just-as he feared the house of his father and men of the city from doing, daily. And he did, night. 28And men of the city early-rose in the morning. And behold, the altar of the Baal was torn-down, and the asherah that is beside him was cut! And the second bull of the ascension is upon the built altar! 29And they said, a man unto his neighbour, “Who did this speech?” And they researched. And they asked. And they said, “Gidon son of Yoash did this speech!” 30And men of the city said unto Yoash, “Exit thy son, and he has died! For he tore-down the altar of the Baal, and for he cut the asherah that is beside him!” 31And Yoash said to all who stood beside him, “Will ye fight to Baal? If ye, ye will save him! Whoever will fight to [for] him shall die unto the morning! If he is gods, he will fight to himself! For he tore-down his altar!” 32And he called to him Baal-Will-Fight in that day to say, “The Baal will fight via him! For he tore-down his altar!”
Background and Printed Text: Exodus chapter 8 [Starting at 7:26 in Hebrew]
Note: I give the verse references for both the Hebrew Bible and the King James Version Bible. Please use the verse reference that matches the Bible you are using so that you won’t get lost. The chapters differ because translators and copyists chose to break up the chapters at different points. The choice made by the Hebrew copyists makes more sense in this case.
Exodus 7:26 [Hebrew Bible]; Exodus 8:1, [KJV] And Yehovah said unto Draw [Moshe], “Come unto Pharaoh! And thou shalt say unto him, ‘So said Yehovah! “Send my people! And he has served me! 27 [8:2, KJV] And if thou art refusing to send, behold I am scourging all thy border via Tzfardeem [frogs]! 28 [8:3, KJV] And the canal shall swarm Tzfardeem [frogs]. And they shall ascend. And they shall come into thine house and into the chamber of thy bed and upon thy recliner and into the house of thy slaves and into thy people and into thine ovens and into thy kneadingtroughs! 29 [8:4, KJV] And the Tzfardeem [frogs] will ascend into thee and into thy people and into all thy slaves. The Tzfardeem [frogs] shall ascend!”’”
8:1 [8:5, KJV] And Yehovah said unto Moshe, “Say unto Aharon, ‘Stretch thine hand via thy rod upon the rivers, upon the canals and upon the pools. And make the Tzfardeem [frogs] ascend upon the land of Egypt!’” 2 [8:6, KJV] And Aharon stretched his hand upon waters of Egypt. And the Tzfardaya [frog] ascended. And she covered the land of Egypt. 3 [8:7, KJV] And the diviners did so via their flames. And they made-ascend the Tzfardeem [frogs] upon the land of Egypt.
4 [8:8, KJV] And Pharaoh called to Moshe and to Aharon. And he said, “Entreat unto Yehovah, and He has turned-away the Tzfardeem [frogs] from me and from my people! And I will send the people. And they have sacrificed to Yehovah.” 5 [8:9, KJV] And Moshe said to Pharaoh, “Make thyself bright concerning me! When shall I entreat for thee and for thy slaves and for thy people to cut-off the Tzfardeem [frogs] from thee and from thy houses? They will remain only in the canal.” 6 [8:10, KJV] And he said, “Tomorrow!” And he said, “According to thy speech so that thou shalt know that there isn’t as Yehovah our Gods! 7 [8:11, KJV] And the Tzfardeem [frogs] shall turn-away from thee and from thy houses and from thy slaves and from thy people. They will remain only in the canal.” 8 [8:12, KJV] And Moshe exited, and Aharon, from with Pharaoh.
And Moshe shouted unto Yehovah concerning the speech of the Tzfardeem [frogs] that He put to Pharaoh. 9 [8:13, KJV] And Yehovah did according to the speech of Moshe. And the Tzfardeem [frogs] died from the houses, from the courtyards and from the fields. 10 [8:14, KJV] And they heaped them, their bubbling, their bubbling. And the land stank.
11 [8:15, KJV] And Pharaoh saw that the breather was. And he weighted his heart. And he didn’t hearken unto them just as Yehovah spoke.
Exodus 8:12 [Hebrew], 8:16 [KJV] And Yehovah said unto Moshe, “Say unto Aharon, ‘Stretch thy rod! And smite dust of the land. And he will become to their louse in all the land of Egypt.’” 13 [8:17, KJV] And they did so. And Aharon stretched his hand via his rod. And he smote dust of the land. And she became their louse in adam and in beast—all dust of the land became lice in all the land of Egypt. 14 [8:18, KJV] And the diviners did so via their flames to send-out the lice—and they weren’t able!
And their louse became in adam and in beast. 15 [8:19, KJV] And the diviners said unto Pharaoh, “He is the finger of gods!” And the heart of Pharaoh gripped. And he did not hearken unto them just as Yehovah spoke.
Exodus 8:16 [Hebrew], 8:20 [KJV] And Yehovah said unto Moshe, “Early-rise in the morning. And position-thyself to the faces of Pharaoh. Behold he will exit to the water. And thou shalt say unto him, ‘So said Yehovah, “Send my people, and he has served me! 17 [8:21, KJV] For if thou aren’t sending my people, behold I am sending the swarm into thee and into thy slaves and into thy people and into thy houses! And they shall fill the houses of Egypt with the swarm, and also the soil that they are upon her! 18 [8:22, KJV] And in that day, I will segregate the land of Goshen upon which my people is standing so that the swarm is not being there, so that thou wilt know that I am Yehovah in the midst of the land! 19 [8:23, KJV] And I will put a redemption between my people and between thy people! This sign shall be tomorrow!”’” 20 [8:24, KJV] And Yehovah did so. And a heavy swarm came toward the house of Pharaoh and the house of his slaves, and in all the land of Egypt. The land was ruined from the faces of the swarm!
21 [8:25, KJV] And Pharaoh called unto Moshe and to Aharon. And he said, “Walk ye! Sacrifice ye to your gods in the land!” 22 [8:26, KJV] And Moshe said, “Not established to do so! For we will sacrifice the abomination of Egypt to Yehovah our Gods! Behold, we will sacrifice the abomination of Egypt to their eyes, and he won’t stone us? 23 [8:27, KJV] We will walk a way of three days into the desert. And we will sacrifice to Yehovah our Gods just as He said unto us.” 24 [8:28, KJV] And Pharaoh said, “I, I am sending you! And ye shall sacrifice to Yehovah your gods in the desert! Only making distance, ye shall not make distance to walk! Entreat ye for my sake!” 25 [8:29, KJV] And Moshe said, “Behold, I am exiting from thy people. And I will entreat unto Yehovah. And He will turn-away the swarm from Pharaoh, from his slaves and from his people tomorrow. Only, Pharaoh shall not again keep-hanging to not send the people to sacrifice to Yehovah!” 26 [8:30, KJV] And Moshe exited from with Pharaoh. And he entreated unto Yehovah.
27 [8:31, KJV] And Yehovah did according to the speech of Moshe. And He expelled the swarm from Pharaoh, from his slaves and from his people. One did not remain. 28 [8:32, KJV] And Pharaoh also weighted his heart in this stroke. And he didn’t send the people.
I. Frog Threat (verses 1-4)
Yehovah commanded Moshe to come unto Pharaoh and to say unto him, “So said Yehovah! ‘Send my people! And he has served me!’” This was a command; it wasn’t a suggestion.
Yehovah continued, “And if thou art refusing to send, behold I am scourging all thy border via frogs! And the canal shall swarm frogs. And they shall ascend. And they shall come into thine house and into the chamber of thy bed and upon thy recliner and into the house of thy slaves and into thy people and into thine ovens and into thy kneadingtroughs! And the frogs will ascend into thee and into thy people and into all thy slaves. The frogs shall ascend!”
1. Why does Yehovah say to Moshe, “Come unto Pharaoh,” instead of, “Go unto Pharaoh”?
2. Could Pharaoh have sent the Israelis so that they could serve Yehovah, and then have them come back?
3. What did Yehovah desire the Israelis to do in order to serve Him?
4. Frogs in Hebrew are tzfardeem. One frog is called a tzfardaya. Why is this such a good name for a frog?
5. What is the name of this canal (verse 3, KJV)?
6. How will the canal swarm frogs?
7. To where will they ascend (go up)?
8. List all the places where all the frogs will come.
9. How will the frogs come into Pharaoh’s people?
10. What will happen when the frogs come into Pharaoh’s ovens?
11. What are kneadingtroughs?
12. How would you feel about being totally surrounded by hopping, loud frogs day and night?
II. Aharon’s Function (verses 5-7)
Yehovah next commanded Moshe to say unto Aharon to “Stretch thine hand via thy rod upon the rivers, upon the canals and upon the pools. And make the frogs ascend upon the land of Egypt!” Aharon did this, and the frog ascended. She was everywhere, covering the land of Egypt!
Pharaoh’s diviners did the very same thing using their flames: they made frogs ascend upon the land of Egypt.
1. Who was assigned to use the rod to bring up the frogs?
2. Who caused the frogs to ascend, according to this text?
3. Why does the text in verse 2 refer to the Tzfardaya—to the frog, as if there is only one frog?
4. Why is the frog feminine in gender (referring to, “And she covered the land of Egypt”)?
5. What did the diviners do in response to Aharon’s miracle?
6. What didn’t the diviners do?
III. Tomorrow (verses 8-12)
Pharaoh now called to Moshe and Aharon. He said, “Entreat unto Yehovah, and He has turned-away the frogs from me and from my people!” (Apparently his diviners had the power to bring the frogs on, but not to stop them!)
Pharaoh continued, “And I will send the people. And they have sacrificed to Yehovah.”
Moshe responded to Pharaoh: “Make thyself bright concerning me! When shall I entreat for thee and for thy slaves and for thy people to cut-off the frogs from thee and from thy houses? They will remain only in the canal.”
Pharaoh’s answer was: “Tomorrow!” Moshe said, “According to thy speech so that thou shalt know that there isn’t as Yehovah our Gods! And the frogs shall turn-away from thee and from thine houses and from thy slaves and from thy people. They will remain only in the canal.”
Moshe then exited from being with Pharaoh, along with Aharon.
1. Pharaoh called to Moshe and to Aharon. How long was this after the frogs came?
2. Why didn’t Pharaoh call to his diviners to stop the frogs?
3. Did Pharaoh show faith in Yehovah when he said, “Entreat unto Yehovah, and He has turned away the frogs from me and from my people”?
4. Did Pharaoh now agree to send the people of Israel to sacrifice to Yehovah?
5. What did Moshe mean by, “Make thyself bright concerning me”?
6. Why did Moshe ask Pharaoh when Moshe should entreat for him, for his slaves and for his people, the Egyptians?
7. Why did Moshe add, “They will remain only in the canal”?
8. Why did Pharaoh answer, “Tomorrow!” instead of, “In an hour!”?
9. What was the purpose of being so specific about when the frogs would leave, according to verse 10, KJV?
10. Who is our in, “there isn’t any god as Yehovah our Gods”?
11. Why is Gods plural?
IV. Moshe’s Shout (verses 12-14)
Moshe then shouted unto Yehovah regarding the issue of the frogs that Yehovah had put to Pharaoh. Yehovah did just as Moshe had said that He would, and the frogs that were in the houses, courtyards and fields died. The Egyptians and the Israelis heaped them into piles. They rotted, bubbling and bubbling. The land of Egypt stank!
1. Why did Moshe shout unto Yehovah?
2. What did Yehovah ‘put’ to Pharaoh?
3. The text states, “And Yehovah did according to the speech of Moshe.” What did Yehovah do?
4. Why did Yehovah cause the frogs to die instead of causing them to return back to the waters and just leave?
5. Why did they heap the frogs?
6. What does their bubbling, their bubbling mean?
7. Where could the Egyptians and Israelis go to avoid the terrible smell?
V. Pharaoh’s Breather (verse 15)
Pharaoh saw that there was a breather. He weighted his own heart! He didn’t hearken to Moshe and Aharon, which was exactly what Yehovah had said would happen.
1. What does “And Pharaoh saw that the breather was” mean?
2. Did Pharaoh use this ‘breather’ time to believe and to learn to fear Yehovah?
3. What does weighted his heart mean?
VI. Dusty Louse (verses 16-19)
Yehovah next commanded Moshe to say unto Aharon, “Stretch thy rod! And smite dust of the land. And he will become to their louse in all the land of Egypt.” Moshe and Aharon did as Yehovah said. Aharon stretched his hand by means of his rod, and he smote dust of the land. The dust turned into Moshe’s and Aharon’s louse in man and in animal! All the dust of the land of Egypt became lice in all the land of Egypt!
Pharaoh’s diviners also struck the dust of the land using their flames in order to send out lice, and they weren’t able to do this!
Moshe’s and Aharon’s louse became in man and animal. The diviners said unto Pharaoh, “He is the finger of gods!” Pharaoh’s heart gripped! He refused to hearken unto Moshe and to Aharon, which is what Yehovah had said would happen.
1. How can someone smite dust of the land with a rod?
2. What is a louse?
3. What did Yehovah say would become lice?
4. Why would Aharon want to do this? Wouldn’t Aharon also be attacked by the lice?
5. Why weren’t the diviners able to send out the lice?
6. Where Yehovah and the diviners holding a competition?
7. What was the response of the diviners to their inability to do the same miracle?
8. What did they mean by, “He is the finger of gods”?
9. Did the diviners now believe in Yehovah?
10. To what did Pharaoh’s heart (mind) grip?
VII. The Swarm, and Segregation (verses 20-24)
Now, Yehovah gave Moshe another assignment: “Early-rise in the morning. And position-thyself to the faces of Pharaoh. Behold he will exit to the water.”
Yehovah told Moshe to say to Pharaoh while Pharaoh was at the water in the morning, “So said Yehovah, ‘Send my people, and he has served me! For if thou aren’t sending my people, behold I am sending the swarm into thee and into thy slaves and into thy people and into thy houses! And they shall fill the houses of Egypt with the swarm, and also the soil that they are upon her!’”
Yehovah added one new and different part to this threat: “And in that day, I will segregate the land of Goshen upon which my people is standing so that the swarm is not being there, so that thou wilt know that I am Yehovah in the midst of the land! And I will put a redemption between my people and between thy people! This sign shall be tomorrow!”
Yehovah did exactly as He threatened. A heavy swarm came toward the house of Pharaoh and the house of his slaves, and in all the land of Egypt. This resulted in the ruination of the land of Egypt as the swarm faced every part of the land!
1. Why did Yehovah tell Moshe to say to Pharaoh, “Send my people, and he has served me” instead of something like this: “Thou hard-headed fool, send my people this time, and he has served me”?
2. What is this swarm?
3. Where will this swarm be located?
4. What problems will this cause?
5. Will this swarm attack humans that move through it?
6. Yehovah said that He would segregate the land of Goshen so that the swarm won’t be there. What is segregation, and does Yehovah practice segregation?
7. What is the purpose of this segregation that keeps the swarm out of the land of Goshen where the Israelis (Hebrews) are located?
8. Yehovah said, “I will put a redemption between my people and between thy people.” What is a redemption, and what did He mean?
9. What did the swarm do to the land of Egypt?
10. Could the Egyptians go anywhere to get away from the swarm?
11. Suppose that a man stood twelve inches within the border of the land of Goshen, and another man stood twelve inches outside of the land of Goshen in Egypt. Would one have been attacked by the swarm, and the other have been unbothered?
12. If an Israeli had gone out of Goshen and into Egypt, would he have been attacked by the swarm?
13. Over what period of time did these devastating signs occur?
14. Were the Israelis still slaves during this time, having to go and obtain straw to make bricks?
VIII. Concession and Abomination (verses 25-30)
Pharaoh called unto Moshe and Aharon. He said to them, “Walk ye! Sacrifice ye to your gods in the land!”
Moshe replied, “Not established to do so! For we will sacrifice the abomination of Egypt to Yehovah our Gods! Behold, we will sacrifice the abomination of Egypt to their eyes, and he won’t stone us?”
Moshe had a counterproposal: “We will walk a way of three days into the desert. And we will sacrifice to Yehovah our Gods just as He said unto us.”
Pharaoh now stated, “I, I am sending you! And ye shall sacrifice to Yehovah your gods in the desert! Only making distance, ye shall not make distance to walk! Entreat for my sake!”
This wasn’t what Moshe had proposed. Moshe responded: “Behold, I am exiting from thy people. And I will entreat unto Yehovah. And He will turn-away the swarm from Pharaoh, from his slaves and from his people tomorrow. Only, Pharaoh shall not again keep-hanging to not send the people to sacrifice to Yehovah!” Moshe knew that Pharaoh’s counterproposal was a refusal.
Moshe then exited from Pharaoh, and he entreated unto Yehovah.
1. When Pharaoh said, “Walk ye! Sacrifice ye to your gods in the land,” was he finally doing what Yehovah told him to do?
2. What did Moshe mean by, “Not established to do so”?
3. Who is he in, “and he won’t stone us?”
4. After Moshe said, “We will walk a way of three days into the desert. And we will sacrifice to Yehovah our Gods just as He said unto us,” Pharaoh said, “I, I am sending you!” What did he mean?
5. Did Pharaoh finally give them permission to walk and do the sacrifice?
6. What did Pharaoh then command Moshe and Aharon to do?
7. Did Moshe agree to this deal?
8. What did Moshe mean by, “Only, Pharaoh shall not again keep-hanging to not send the people to sacrifice to Yehovah”?
9. How did Moshe feel when he left Pharaoh?
10. Why did Moshe entreat Yehovah regardless of how he felt?
IX. Pharaoh Lied (verses 31-32)
Yehovah did exactly what Moshe said Yehovah would do. He expelled the swarm from Pharaoh, from his slaves and from his people. Not a single bug from the swarm remained.
Pharaoh also weighted his heart ‘in this stroke’—during this time. He didn’t send the people.
1. How many of the creatures that made up the swarm remained in the land of Egypt the next day? Not even one of them remained!
2. Why did Pharaoh keep weighting down his heart (mind)? Did Yehovah cause him to do this?
3. Is Pharaoh an example of a rare type of individual who refuses the truth in the obvious face of the truth, or is Pharaoh a common type of individual? Are there any among the Christians who are like Pharaoh?
The Altar and the Courtyard
With Questions and Proposed Answers
Background and printed text: Exodus 27
Exodus 27:1 And thou shalt make the altar trees of acacia 5 forearms length and 5 forearms breadth. The altar shall be a revolution. And 3 forearms is his standing. 2And thou shalt make his horns upon four of his corners. His horns shall be from him! And thou shalt observe him: copper.
3And thou shalt make his searers to his fat, and his shovels, and his sprinkling-basins, and his forks, and his seizers. Thou shalt make copper to all his utensils.
4And thou shalt make to him a grate, doing of a copper net. And thou shalt make upon the net four sunk-impressions of copper upon four of his edges. 5And thou shalt give her under, as a chariot of the altar from beneath. And she shall be the net unto half of the altar.
6And thou shalt give members to the altar—members of trees of acacia. And thou shalt observe them: copper. 7And he shall be brought with his members into the sunk-impressions. And they shall be the members upon two of the sides of the altar when carrying him.
8Emptied, thou shalt make him slates. Established: they shall make just-as He showed thee in the mountain!
9And thou shalt make a courtyard of the Abode to a corner southward, rightward. Slings are to the courtyard: twisted byssus—100 via a forearm, length, to a corner of the one. 10And his standings are 20. And their lords are 20: copper. Hooks of the standings and their attachments are silver. 11And established to the north corner via length of slings 100 length and his standing 20 and their lords 20: copper. Hooks of the standing and their attachments are silver.
12 And the breadth of the courtyard is to the corner of the sea. 50 slings: a forearm; their standings are 10, and their lords are 10. 13And the breadth of the courtyard to a corner eastward sunriseward is 50 forearm. 14And slings are 15: a forearm to the shoulder. Their standings are 3 and their lords are 3. 15And 15 are slings to the second shoulder. Their standings are 3 and their lords are 3.
16And to the gate of the courtyard is a camouflage 20 forearm blue and purple and earthworm crimson and byssus of the groping of a stranger, doing of variegation. Their standings are 4 and their lords are 4. 17All standings of the courtyard around: silver is from their attachments! Their hooks are silver and their lords are copper.
18Length of the courtyard is 100 via a forearm and breadth is 50 via 50 and height is 5 forearms byssus of the groping of a stranger.
And their lords are copper 19to every utensil of the Abode via all his service and all his nails! And every nail of the courtyard is copper.
20And thou: Thou shalt command the children of Israel. And they shall take unto thee pure beaten olive oil for a light-emanator to make-ascend a lamp of continuance. 21Aharon and his sons shall arrange him to the faces of Yehovah from evening unto morning in the Tent of Appointment from outside to the veil that is upon the Testimonies, a statute of Hider to their generations from with children of Israel!
I. The Copper-Clad Altar (verses 1-2)
Yehovah commanded Moshe to make an acacia tree altar, 5 by 5 forearms. The altar will be a revolution. It is 3 forearms tall.
Horns made from the altar itself will be upon four of his corners.
When Moshe looks at the altar, it will be copper.
1. What are the dimensions of the altar in feet? 5 forearms = 7 ½ feet. It is 7 ½ feet long and wide. 3 forearms = 4 ½ feet. It is 4 ½ feet tall. It is quite large, but not tall.
2. Why would an altar that has fire in it be made of acacia? The altar will be covered with metal; the metal will keep the altar from becoming too hot even when the fire gets very hot.
3. What does acacia typify? I said in the previous chapter (Exodus 25) that the word for acacia in Hebrew, shōt, means to fly at high speeds. It describes the end of a whip or of a flagellum (a microscopic whip of a one-celled creature that uses its whip to swim).
If this is correct, trees of acacia typify stable, potentially fruit-bearing mortals (mortals are humans who can be killed or who can die, which describes all the folks you know) who will be able to travel at very high speeds (and, if the whip is part of this type, they will also be quick and strong to chastise those who don’t cooperate!).
I will add that these acacia trees are stable in very harsh and hot conditions, being trees of the Middle East. Persons are compared to trees in the Bible (Psalm 1 is an example).
4. If the above is true, what would acacia have to do with the altar? The altar will be wood covered with copper. The copper will typify judgment/justice/wrath. It pictures a mortal who has put on wrath and justice. I propose that this pictures Yeshua in His wrathful form and in His doing justice.
There is only one altar like this. The fire of Yehovah will be in this altar; that is a special fire. Sacrifices will be placed on this altar. Those sacrifices will typify individuals or groups who are righteous and who will die to cover for others. Thus, their sacrifices will ascend to Yehovah with the fire of Yehovah that will either come upon the offerers in wrath or in justice to their justification (that is, rendering them righteous). One or the other will occur.
5. What does “The altar shall be a revolution” mean? The Hebrew word is reva, from which I propose that the English word revolution (a complete turn) comes. It occurs when something turns completely around: a full circle. With the four directions, the fourth direction will be the completion of the full circle.
The altar is approachable from all four sides: North, South, East and West.
6. What is a standing? It is a height; yet, it also refers to something or someone taking a stand!
7. What does the number 3 typify? It is found in the Shma (Deuteronomy 6:4): Hearken, Israel! Yehovah, our Gods, Yehovah is One! I propose that it refers to Yehovah, Yehovah of Hosts, Yehovah: Yehovah the Father, Yehovah of Hosts the Messiah, and Yehovah the Spirit.
8. What does the number 5 typify? In the previous chapter, I proposed that it signifies redemption, since 5 shekels is the redemption price.
If this is correct, the length and the breadth of the altar both typify redemption in their measurements even though the altar will be covered with copper, which will typify justice/wrath!
9. What does “3 forearms is his standing” typify? If 3 typifies the entirety of Yehovah (the Father, the Messiah and the Spirit), the altar’s standing entirely includes all of Yehovah!
10. What is a horn, and what does it typify? The word keren (from which the name Karen comes) means a horn (like a musical instrument, or the horn of an animal) and can also refer to very bright rays of light: to intense shining, and to a container for oil.
- An animal’s horn is used to show rank and power; it is an authority structure.
- A military horn is used to make an announcement to muster troops.
- The bright rays of light that are called horns make sight difficult, and show the radiance of someone in the Bible.
- A horn that is an oil flask is used to anoint someone: to assign someone to a particular position.
The horns on this altar combine the rank/power/authority characteristic with the announcement (when Messiah physically begins to come to Earth to judge) and with the bright rays of light that Messiah will produce as He comes. Also, Messiah will anoint others in the four directions, giving them their assignments.
11. Why must the horns be on the four corners? This shows that what the horns typify will cover all directions: North, South, East and West. The horns on this altar are approachable from any direction, and they give an announcement to all directions.
12. What does “His horns shall be from him” mean, and why? This means that the horns must be formed from the acacia trees that form the altar! This is vital because the horns and what they typify must be one substance with the altar. Yeshua Himself will be the source of those things typified above!
13. The text states, “And thou shalt observe him: copper.” What does this mean and signify? The altar (with the attached horns) will look like the judgment/wrath of Yehovah! Thus, it will be covered with copper over all its surfaces. All sacrifices done on this altar will therefore be pictures of the justice of Yehovah or pictures of His wrath. The ranks, announcements, radiance and the anointings will also proceed from the justice of Yehovah and to accomplish His justice and His wrath.
II. Copper Utensils (verse 3)
The altar’s utensils (items for handling the sacrifices and other parts of the altar) include:
All the utensils must be made of copper.
1. What is a searer? It is a deep pan or a pot designed to sear meat (which keeps the flavour of the meat inside while it is being cooked). It will be used to sear the fat for the sacrifices (since the fat will be burned in the fire to make smoke that will have an excellent fragrance).
2. Why will shovels be necessary? Ashes and other things left over from the sacrifices will need to be removed using the shovels.
3. What is a sprinkling-basin? It is a bowl used from which to sprinkle (blood, oil). Sprinkling will be a vital part of a few sacrifices.
4. For what will a fork be used? This will not be an eating fork for the table, but rather a way to take hold of a large portion of meat to move it to some other location.
5. What is a seizer? It is a tool used to grab and hold something so that it can be safely moved: a set of tongs.
6. What does a searer typify? In order to understand this type, consider what will be seared in it: the fat. Now, the fat itself is a type: of excess, of abundance, of what is extra and beyond. The fat can picture items (like extra food, etc.), but I propose that the fat in these cases will refer to persons who help the Israelis and other ‘good guys’ escape evildoers who are trying to stop them and kill them. If I am right, the picture of their being seared in a copper searing pot shows the boiling anger of the enemies and the boiling fervency of the ‘good guys,’ and it also describes the thorns and briars (curiously also the meanings of this very same word for searing pot) and how they will inflict pain on the ‘good guys’ to try to get their way with them in order to kill the Israelis and those helping them. Yehovah will burn up these briars with His wrath (what copper typifies) and in His judgment of them!
7. What does a shovel typify? The word for shovel indicates a sweeping away, or even better, a snatching away!
The shovel was used to pick up (snatch up) ashes from the wood that kept the fire of the altar fed. Because it was made of copper, its type will reflect judgment and/or wrath. That fire will destroy Yehovah’s enemies from the earth; they will be swept away and snatched from life when Yeshua comes.
8. What does a sprinkling-basin typify? It is also made of copper, and therefore typifies justice or wrath.
When blood is sprinkled on anyone, the one upon whom the blood is sprinkled has participated in the slaughter of the victim. That blood, then, makes a permanent connection between the victim and the one upon whom the blood was sprinkled.
That connection is usually bad. (If a person murders another person, the blood of the victim becomes connected to the murderer, for example.) If the victim willingly dies to save the life of another, however, that blood connection is very good!
When blood from any of the sacrifices is collected into this sprinkling basin, the picture shown is that of judgment or wrath taking account of the blood of the persons whom the sacrifices typify. Such a collection of the blood of victims will lead to vengeance!
Yet, if the blood from that vengeance basin (bowl) is sprinkled on others, it can picture something very different from vengeance. It can picture that this blood has sanctified others (that is, caused them to be owned) by saving their lives so that they can live. In that case, the justice won’t be in the form of wrath, but instead in a form of redemption: The victim died, saving the lives of others. This is also justice!
Those who are sprinkled from the blood of the sacrifices during the Tribulation can become part of the very ones who were sacrificed! They must turn and do what is right. In that case, the blood of the innocent ones who died at the hands of the sacrificers will sanctify (cause to be owned) the sacrificers, and they will become innocent ‘good guys’ themselves if they turn, and if they, in turn, are willing to save the lives of other innocent ones!
The sprinkling basin, I propose, typifies that justice is collecting the blood of the victims either to send wrath on those who are guilty (the blood being poured into the soil of Israel, thus making the soil of Israel part of the wrongdoing), or, by sprinkling, bringing others who participated with the slaughter of innocent ones into innocence themselves if they will turn and save the lives of others!
9. What does a fork of this kind typify? The root of the word translated fork means to draw up. Now, since the fork is made of copper, this shows a picture of justice or wrath drawing up the sacrificial victim(s) or parts of the sacrifice.
When a piece of the sacrifice is drawn (lifted) up, it can be to turn it over so that the meat won’t be burned (these sacrifices are eaten), or to remove the cooked meat from the altar (removing the sacrifice from the fires of Yehovah) so that the participants can then eat the sacrifice, showing that the sacrifice is now part of them! The use of a copper fork shows that this is justice!
If those who eat of the sacrifice do not turn to do right, they have just eaten their own condemnation! If they turn to do right, the victims become part of them for good; the wrath of justice will not be directed toward them.
Incidentally, this fork isn’t small; it is very large! It is used to lift very heavy parts of the sacrifice!
10. What does a seizer typify? Since to seize is to take hold of something firmly and hold it (as when a drug bust occurs, and the drugs are seized), a copper seizer is taking hold of what the sacrifice typifies in wrath! This is what will occur when innocent victims are arrested and are slaughtered, when the groups are parted (members being separated from other members) and are tried and killed.
11. Why must all the utensils be made of copper? They all picture some part of justice or wrath!
III. Copper Net Grate (verses 4-5)
Moshe must make a grate to the altar; it must be a copper net (a copper screen).
This copper net must have four copper sunk-impressions upon four of his edges.
He must give the copper net grate under the dug-out-extenguisher of the altar, underneath. This will be the net unto the half-way-point of the altar.
1. What is a grate? It is a frame with metal bars that hold up fuel (like wood) when it is burning so that air can get underneath it, and so that the fire doesn’t smother itself in the ashes.
2. What do the grate and net typify? The Hebrew word from which grate comes means to bind together, to plait, to braid, which makes something very strong, and which makes a group of individuals very strong. It also indicates long duration (something that goes on for a very long time) and can indicate something that occurred a long time ago: that already was from ancient times. The word for grate, then, also means from a very long time ago and very strong, durable. Since it is made of copper, it pictures these things combined with justice and wrath.
The text continues, “doing of a copper net.” The Hebrew word for net is rooted in the verb to seize, to take by force, to occupy. Thus, the grate must be the doing of the seizure and forceful occupation of justice or wrath that is very strong, of great duration, and has been true from ancient times.
As I consider types, I don’t see the altar as a type of any human group; that altar is singular (there is only one), and I propose that it typifies Yeshua Himself as the Judge and as the mortal Who put on Judgment. If this is correct, the grate, which is part of the altar, must be part of Yeshua and His work.
With these things in mind, I will list the types, and see if they match with what Yeshua did or will do:
- Yehovah, the Messiah, Yehovah are One; they are also bound together so that the judgment of one is the judgment of all. While they seem separate in their actions, they are One God.
- They together are very strong.
- They have always been; therefore, they are of old: of a very long duration! They are from ancient days!
- The judgment that is coming will judge all beings from the earliest times. Yehovah has always been the Gods of justice. He will also demonstrate His wrath against all who refuse to comply to justice.
- When He comes, He will seize and forcefully occupy the Earth, reigning in righteousness and with justice. He will not come by vote, and He will not institute democracy. His occupation and government will never end.
3. What do sunk-impressions typify? There are four of them. Four normally indicates universality—that is, that something is true from all four directions: north, south, east and west.
The sunk-impressions are part of the net while still being separate form the net in make-up. They are impressions in the edge of the net, in the edges of the seizure. Since they are copper, they typify justice and wrath.
I don’t see anything connecting into these sunk-impressions; (I propose that they are a way to move the net grate using tools.) Yet, it is a reminder of what aren’t physically there—those who gave their lives in justice to save the lives of others, those coming from the north, south, east and west. These heroic persons left lasting and vital impressions in Israel regarding justice that remind the Israelis and others of the justice that Messiah paid.
4. Why must they be on four of his edges? This shows the universality of these events; they occur in the north, south, east and west (always with Jerusalem as the center of the compass).
5. What is this chariot? The sacrifices are types of persons or groups who are innocent and whose lives they give, their blood and their deaths being offered to save the lives of others (some innocent, and others not innocent). This net/grate is under the sacrifices, acting (I propose) as a charioteer/chariot waiting to carry these victims:
Psalm 68:18 The chariot of Elohim is two multiplications: thousands of repetition! My Lords is in them! Sinai is via the holy-[One]!
This chariot of Elohim became visible in the next text:
2 Kings 2:9 And he was as their crossing-over. And Elihu said unto Elisha, “Ask! What shall I do to thee before I will take from with thee?” And Elisha said, “And the face of two via thy spirit was unto me, na!” 10And he said, “Thou ‘difficulted’ to ask! If thou wilt see me taken from with thee, he will be established to thee. And if there-isn’t, he will not be!” 11And he was; they are walking to walk and speak. And behold, a chariot of fire and horses of fire! And they separated between both of them. And Eliyahu ascended via a storm, the heavens! 12And Elisha saw. And he is shouting, “My father! My father! Chariot of Israel and his horsemen!” And he didn’t see him again. And he grasped via his garments. And he tore them to two tears.
Thus, I propose that the very chariot that is fire is made of the very same fire that is Yehovah’s special fire on the altar; those who are sacrificed will not fall, but will be taken by this chariot to the place where the Saints who have died are waiting.
6. Identify the object of the pronoun she in, “And she shall be the net unto half of the altar”: She refers to the net. (That is the feminine-gendered word in this section.)
7. Why is this net only unto half of the altar? I propose that the other half doesn’t have a net; those who come into the fires of Yehovah via His wrath will not be charioted anywhere, and will be forever in the fire of His wrath!
IV. Acacia Members to the Altar (verses 6-7)
Moshe must give members to the altar made of acacia trees. When observing them, they will be copper.
Both Moshe and his members must be brought into the sunk-impressions of the altar. They will be the members upon two of the sides of the altar when carrying the altar.
1. Why must these members be given to the altar? Certain persons will contain the fire of Yehovah’s justice/wrath, being chosen by Yehovah to do justice and also do wrath. If what I am proposing is true, those persons will become part of Yehovah’s altar.
I am certain that many innocent persons will die during the Tribulation, as sacrificed on the altar of Yehovah; yet, they will be transported to the heavens by chariot. They will also become part of Yehovah’s altar since their blood will be poured at its foundation (this is by type, since the blood of the animal sacrifices of Yehovah are poured out at the base of the altar, and the base of the altar is resting on the Land of Israel, connecting that poured blood with the land of Israel).
Just as Yeshua was given, these innocent ones will likewise be given to the altar by those to bring them to be slaughtered. Those ‘gifts’ will later turn out to be to the Salvation of some who will realize that they were innocent, and that they stood for what was right.
2. What does acacia typify? I previously proposed this for an answer: Acacia: stable, potentially fruit-bearing mortals (humans who could be killed) who will be able to travel at very high speeds (and, if the whip enters in, will be quick and strong to chastise those who don’t cooperate!). If they become part of the altar, I am thinking that they will be killed.
I recall the following incident in which folks who rebelled against Yehovah were killed by the fire of Yehovah, and their censers (their incense containers) were then placed on the altar:
Numbers 16:37 Speak unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, that he take up the censers out of the burning, and scatter thou the fire yonder; for they are hallowed. 38The censers of these sinners against their own beings, they shall make them broad plates for a covering of the altar! For they offered them before Yehovah! Therefore they are hallowed! And they shall be a sign unto the children of Israel. 39And Eleazar the priest took the copper censers with which they who were burnt had offered. And they were made broad plates for a covering of the altar 40to be a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger who isn’t of the seed of Aaron will come near to offer incense before Yehovah so-that he won’t be as Korah and as his company, as Yehovah said to him by the hand of Moses.
Their judgment became a permanent part of the altar. The wood from which the altar is made typifies mortals. The righteous group(s) that the fires of Yehovah have chariot-transported them to where the deceased Saints wait are also part of the altar of Yehovah, I propose.
3. What must be done if they are to be observed copper? Copper must entirely surround the acacia wood that makes up the altar.
4. What does the copper covering of the acacia wood typify? When these persons will experience what they will experience, those seeing them will see the justice of Yehovah instead of their mortality. Consider the following text:
2 Thessalonians 1:1 Paul and Silvanus and Timotheus, to the assembly of Thessalonians in God our Father and Lord Messiah Yeshua. 2Grace to you and peace from God our Father and Lord Messiah Yeshua! 3We owe to always confess God concerning you, brethren, even as it is appropriate, because your faith exceedingly increases, and the love of each one of you all abounds to one another 4so as for us ourselves to boast in you in the assemblies of God for your endurance and faith in all your persecutions and the tribulations that ye are bearing, 5a manifest sign of the righteous justice of God for you to be accounted worthy of the kingdom of God for which ye also suffer, 6if at least [it is] righteous with God to recompense Tribulation to those who oppress you, 7and relief with us to you who are oppressed at the revelation of the Lord Yeshua from the heavens with angels of His power 8in a fire of flame, awarding vengeance on those who don’t know God and those who don’t obey the beneficial proclamation of our Lord Messiah Yeshua, 9who shall suffer the penalty: everlasting destruction from the faces of Yehovah and from the glory of His strength 10when He shall have come to be glorified in His Saints and to be marveled at in all them who believe: because our testimony to you was believed!—in That Day!
What I saw in this text was this part: “… endurance and faith in all your persecutions and the tribulations that ye are bearing, a manifest sign of the righteous justice of God for you to be accounted worthy of the kingdom of God for which ye also suffer.”
These are mortals who show endurance and faith in persecutions as a manifest (open, visible and obvious) sign (an open demonstration and a picture) of the righteous justice of God to show that they are accounted worthy of the Kingdom of God! The picture is of wood covered with copper, of mortal humans completely clothed with the justice of Yehovah!
5. Again, what are these members that must be given to the altar? They are the carrying poles! They typify others who will later be given to the altar who will be mortals clothed with Yehovah’s justice and who will help carry the others who will be the recipients of those sacrificed to Yehovah, being found perfect before Him and transported to Him.
6. What are these sunk-impressions? These four sunk-impressions are sunk into the altar that is a type of Israel, and therefore are part of the altar, while still being separate from the altar in make-up. They are impressions in the altar, and they are beautiful, always showing their connections to the altar and going through the two sides of the altar. They leave four holes in the altar by which other structures (that will typify other groups) will be able to connect into the altar. Since they are copper, they typify justice/wrath. I propose that they typify groups of persons who gave their lives so that others can be connected into the altar of Israel—others who will help carry the altar!
7. Who is he in, “And he shall be brought with his members into the sunk-impressions”? The only he I can identify is the altar. Now, this won’t make sense except in one case: considering the types. If he is the altar, it would be like this:
“And he (the altar, typifying Israel) shall be brought with his (the altar’s) members into the sunk-impressions (into the judgment).”
8. Explain what will occur in, “And they shall be the members upon two of the sides of the altar when carrying him”: I propose that this describes what will occur during the Tribulation when non-Israelis join themselves to Israel, and thus to Israelis in the Judgment of the Tribulation:
“And they (the trees of Acacia, typifying persons with strength) shall be the members (having joined themselves to Israel during the Judgment of the Tribulation) upon two of the sides of the altar (that is, walking with the Israelis) when carrying him (when carrying the Israelis and helping them get to Mount Zion).”
V. Slates (verse 8)
Moshe must make slates for the altar. They shall be made exactly as Yehovah showed Moshe in the mountain!
1. What are slates? They are the same stone structures (like small blackboards) that Moshe took to Yehovah, upon which Yehovah wrote the Ten Statements!
2. How many slates must he make? The text doesn’t say.
3. Why must the altar be emptied before making these slates? If the slates typify the Teaching of Yehovah, and if they also show Yehovah’s justice, Israel must first be emptied from the fires of Yehovah and from the slaughters of the innocent before Israel will be ready and willing to take in the Teaching of Yehovah.
4. The text then states, “Established: they shall make just-as He showed thee in the mountain!” How were they made in the mountain? They were made by the finger of Elohim! That is how each slate will be made for every Israeli who is purified during the wrath of Yehovah in the Tribulation.
5. Who are they in, “Established: they shall make just-as He showed thee in the mountain”? They are the Israelis.
6. What shall they make? They shall make the altar and all its parts exactly as Elohim showed Moshe in the mountain! Not one detail can differ!
VI. The Courtyard (verses 9-11)
Moshe must construct the courtyard of the Abode to a corner southward, rightward.
The courtyard will have slings made of byssus of the groping of a stranger. The length will be 100 via a forearm (cubit), to the corner of one.
There are 20 standings that support the byssus slings. The lords are twenty, and are made of copper. The hooks of the standings and the attachments of the standings are silver.
This is also established to the north corner; the length of the slings is 100 via the forearm. There are also 20 standings and twenty lords of copper. The hooks of the standing and their attachments are silver!
1. What will be the purpose of the courtyard of the Abode? Its purpose is so that Israelis and non-Israelis can come there to congregate, to bring sacrifices, they can present themselves to the faces of Yehovah, can make requests to Yehovah, etc. It also tells a story of events to come; that will be the main thrust.
2. What does the courtyard typify? The Hebrew verb from which the noun, courtyard, comes means to blow a trumpet (for announcement or warning purposes). Thus, it typifies those who are called to come to the Abode.
3. Why must the courtyard of the Abode be specifically to a corner southward, rightward? I propose that the calling will be to go to the south: to the Negev (southern Israel, specifically), and to a corner of the land that is toward the right. (Remember directions in this structure: it is as if one is lying down, and looking up! Therefore, what is to the right when lying down and looking up will be to the left when standing up or sitting at a table.) I propose that this will take those who hearken to this call to the Botzrah/Petra area of Jordan, as described in the following text:
Revelation 12:6 And the woman [referring to Israel] fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.
Micah 2:12 Gathering, I will gather Jacob, all of thee! Kibbutzing [forming a communal settlement where all share and work together], I will kibbutz a remnant of Israel together! I will put him as a flock in Tribulation [same spelling as Botzrah the location], as a fold in the midst of his plague! They (feminine) shall hum from adam [indicating the large group and the noise from all the activity]! 13He [I propose that this is the Messiah] ascended the breach [the only exit from where they were safely staying for so long] to their faces. They breached [they also went through the opening to go to Israel]! And they crossed-over a gate [I propose that this is the one gate permitting entry to Mount Zion]. And they exited into him! And their King crossed-over to their faces. And Yehovah is in their Head!
This will be a safe location for the part of Israel that is there!
4. What are these slings? The same word used here is used to describe what David used when he prevailed against the Palestinian, Goliath. I cannot help but make the same association since Yehovah does. If the courtyard typifies the congregation that responds to the trumpet-blast call, and if slings are to the courtyard, those who come will include those who use the sling.
Now, this type of sling isn’t the normal pulled rubber band kind (slingshot); it is a centrifugally spun cord type that holds and releases a rock at nearly the speed of a rifle.
The following shows how such a sling might have appeared:
Drawing of a Balearic slinger. He wears a spare sling as a headband and a bag of missiles. Image by Johnny Shumate (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Construction of a sling
A classic sling is braided from non-elastic material. The classic materials are flax, hemp or wool; those of the Balearic islanders were said to be made from a type of rush. Flax and hemp resist rotting, but wool is softer and more comfortable.
Braided cords are used in preference to twisted rope because a braid resists twisting when stretched. This improves accuracy.
The overall length of a sling could vary significantly and a slinger may have slings of different lengths, the longer sling being used when greater range is required. A length of about 61 to 100 cm (2.00 to 3.3 ft) would be typical.
At the centre of the sling, a cradle or pouch is constructed. This may be formed by making a wide braid from the same material as the cords or by inserting a piece of a different material such as leather. The cradle is typically diamond shaped and, in use, will fold around the projectile. Some cradles have a hole or slit that allows the material to wrap around the projectile slightly thereby holding it more securely; some cradles take the form of a net.
At the end of one cord, a finger-loop is formed. This cord is called the retention cord. At the end of the other cord it is common practice to form a knot. This cord is called the release cord. The release cord will be held between finger and thumb to be released at just the right moment. The release cord may have a complex braid to add bulk to the end. This makes the knot easier to hold and the extra weight allows the loose end of a discharged sling to be recovered with a flick of the wrist.
Polyester is an excellent material for modern slings, because it does not rot or stretch and is soft and free of splinters.
Modern slings are begun by plaiting the cord for the finger loop in the center of a double-length set of cords. The cords are then folded to form the finger-loop. The cords are plaited as a single cord to the pocket. The pocket is then plaited, most simply as another pair of cords, or with flat braids or a woven net. The remainder of the sling is plaited as a single cord, and then finished with a knot. Braided construction resists stretching, and therefore produces an accurate sling.
5. Of what will these slings be made? If we just follow the text, they will be made of byssus, the same material used to form the cloth of the Abode!
6. Explain again about the groping of a stranger. I have proposed that this is from a compound of two words, the first meaning to grope, to feel with the hand in the dark (or if blind), the second meaning a stranger. If this is correct, it describes strangers who are trying to find their ways. The normal root of this entire word means to be twisted (as in twisted byssus), indicating strands that alone would be very weak, but when wrapped together form a very strong cord (or rope, if thick enough with twists).
Even the word byssus is a combination word that means, who is a stranger. I propose that these together establish that strangers will become very strongly connected together to form a cord and even a rope that just won’t tend to break. Those strangers will also be righteous: they will do what is right (as linen tends to portray). The trumpet sounding call will bring these folks together.
7. How many groups will there be? The text continues, “100 via a forearm,” where forearm is also the word for mother, though it is recognized as a cubit. If what I propose is correct, there will be one hundred groups held together by mothers who will usually be strangers to each other when they meet, and who will be caring for children who are not necessarily their own. The length of these groups extend to a corner of the one—perhaps the one side of the courtyard, to the one side of the land (the earth). These statistics are giving specific information about what is coming, but until I can prove to what the details refer, I will guess, and I will see the picture of these events with this guess until I know better.
8. What are these standings? The word used for standings isn’t the same word used in previous texts for cuttings. The singular form (standing) means [what is] stood, implying that these have been caused to stand upright. I propose that the Spirit of Salvation will stand these vital persons up to give aid to the mothers; the proportion will be 100 mothers to 20 standings.
9. In previous texts, the lords were always double the cuttings. In this text, the lords are the same number as the standings. Why? Since the lords are copper (not silver, and therefore not redemption), and since copper typifies wrath/justice, what drives these standings to stand and to aid the mothers with the children, the elderly, those who are unable in various ways, etc., is justice and is wrath. The whole courtyard is held together by the byssus cords.
10. What are these hooks? The word for hook is the Hebrew letter vov. As I previously showed, the letter looks like an old-fashioned nail, or like a hook:
What I didn’t mention is this: This particular letter in Hebrew means and when it is attached to the beginning of sentences and sentence parts. This is why there are so many ‘ands’ in the Bible! This letter nails one statement to the next throughout the texts! It hooks and holds the entirety of the Scriptures into one communication!
In the same way, the ‘ands’ of the standings (hooks of the standings) will join the standings to other things; these hooks will be made of silver!
11. Why are the hooks made of silver? Silver typifies redemption. The connections of persons to what the standings typify (other persons who are raised up to be the stability of those who together typify the courtyard) will be individual acts of redemption! Each hook will typify an individual rescue, I propose! If I am correct, the very ‘ands’ (‘vovs’) of the Bible will remind the reader who knows these things of the many redemptions that will occur!
12. What are these attachments, and what do they typify? The Hebrew word translated attachments also means the following: to love, be attached to, long for; desire, thing desired; spoke, spoke of a wheel. This word shows great affection and a healthy clinging of one person to another or others. Those standings typify persons who will be the stability of the courtyard, and their attachments to others who have been redeemed (rescued) will be by means of the strongest human bonds of desire and love.
If I am correct, please see how the wording of the text appears to be a cold description of curious details; yet, it describes the warmest human attachments possible, with very endearing descriptions!
13. What does “And established to the north corner” tell readers? These same actions, heroism, redemptions, bonds of love, etc. will occur and will be established to the north corner of the world!
14. What does “via length of slings” tell readers? Wherever those slings (and those who use the sling weapons) can reach, their activities of rescue (redemption) will reach. (No one needing rescue will be left out, forgotten or unknown anywhere on this planet!)
15. What does “100 length” mean? I previously proposed that there will be one hundred groups held together by mothers who will usually be strangers to each other when they meet, and who will be caring for children who are not necessarily their own. The length of these groups extend to a corner of the one—perhaps the one side of the courtyard, to the one side of the land (the earth).
16. What does “his standing 20 and their lords 20: copper” mean? I previously proposed that this gives the number of those who will be the mighty ones upholding the others who together form the courtyard; there will be 20 who cover the north areas.
Now, the text has the word standing being singular in this text piece. I propose that this is because all 20 will work together as one!
Again, what will drive them and uphold them will be their masters: the drive to avenge (since copper typifies justice and wrath, and therefore, vengeance)! Therefore, they will have 20 lords of copper. While vengeance always belongs to Yehovah, and He will repay, He assigns humans to take vengeance at various times, in which case vengeance is their responsibility! This is the case in this typology.
17. Why does the text repeat, “Hooks of the standing and their attachments are silver”? Vengeance isn’t a good bonding agent between humans. (Vengeance is a good disconnecting agent!) What will hold the good guys together won’t be the vengeance, but the redemption provided! When humans only seek vengeance and not redemption of those who are also present in the physical location where the vengeance will be taken, so-called ‘collateral damage’ (destroying innocent ones with the guilty) becomes unimportant, and those murderers are worse than the problem-persons they are trying to conquer. (This is what has occurred with Islamic terrorists. Their bitterness against their own deity, though they don’t know that they are bitter against their own deity, is so great, that they willingly and gladly murder those made in the image of God along with their intended targets; they are not interested in redemption; they live and die for vengeance—vengeance against their own deity who hasn’t given them victory against supposed ‘infidels.’) Yehovah has made sure to underscore that the relationships are based on redemption, and not on vengeance and wrath.
VII. The Breadth of the Courtyard (verses 12-15)
The breadth of the courtyard to the corner of the sea and to the corner of the slings is 50 forearm(s). There are 10 standings, and there are 10 lords.
The breadth of the courtyard to the corner eastward—sunriseward—is 50 forearm(s). There are 10 standings, and there are 10 lords.
The slings are 15 forearm(s) to the shoulder. Their standings are 3 and their lords are 3.
The slings to the second shoulder are 15; their standings are 3 and their lords are 3.
1. What is a breadth? It is how wide something is. The verb behind it (its ‘root’) means to make large; to enlarge. This courtyard will become larger and larger until it reaches to the corner of the sea.
2. What sea is this? The text doesn’t tell. Normally, the sea is the Mediterranean, but the sea can refer to any ocean! The Mediterranean Sea continues out into the Atlantic, an the Atlantic continues to the Pacific Ocean. Yet, I am thinking that this does refer to the Mediterranean since the slings are 50, which seems like a small number to cover the entirety of all the oceans.
3. What does “50 slings: a forearm” tell the reader? This appears to be a proportion, as if there are 50 slings for every forearm (for every mother). If this is the case, there are a lot of valiant persons who are ready to fight for these women who have taken on the role of being mothers. Yet, I cannot help but also see that the mothers themselves can be handlers of the slings in some cases!
4. Whose standings are 10? There are 10 standings for 50 slings! The same is true of the lords.
5. Why are both eastward and sunriseward used to show direction when they are the same? Eastward is a general direction: to the east. Sunriseward, in a similar manner, depends on the time of year! Therefore, it, too, is a general direction. In the summer, the sunrise is considerably further north than in the winter.
The expansion (‘breadth’) of the courtyard will continue until it is 50, a forearm (a mother). This will extend to a corner of the land (I expect where the continent in the east ends).
6. What is this shoulder, and what does it typify? This word for shoulder also indicates the slope of a mountain. Two shoulders are found in this text: in verse 14 and in verse 15. Now, if this represents the same mountain, with two shoulders or slopes, I propose that this refers to Mount Zion, which will be a great mountain at this time! Its top alone is 50 miles by 50 miles! Therefore, it makes sense that there will be an east shoulder (a slope up the east side) and a west shoulder (a slope up the west side).
7. What does “slings are 15: a forearm to the shoulder” mean? This gives the number of slings (and therefore, slingers), and describes them as a forearm/a mother to the shoulder/to the slope. Again, this gives me the impression that the slingers and the mothers can be one in the same. I am also thinking that these slings protect those friends who are approaching to Mount Zion’s slope.
8. If the above is true, what does “Their standings are 3 and their lords are 3” tell the reader? It tells the reader that there are three persons (or groups, perhaps) that have been given standing by Yehovah, raised up and founded on the lords of copper: founded on determined justice, wrath and vengeance (that are quite appropriate and right before Yehovah).
9. Explain the type(s) behind “And 15 are slings to the second shoulder”: There are 15 slings (and therefore, slingers) who are fighting for innocents who are arriving to Mount Zion’s second shoulder: the second slope.
10. Thus, explain “Their standings are 3 and their lords are 3”: In the same manner as above, there are three persons (or groups) whom Yehovah has raised up to stand firm upon the lords of copper: justice, wrath and vengeance against enemies attempting to destroy innocent arrivers to the slopes of Mount Zion.
VIII. The Camouflage (verses 16-17)
There is a camouflage to the gate of the courtyard; it is 20 forearm(s), and is blue and purple and earthworm crimson and byssus of the groping of a stranger. It is the doing of variegation!
Their standings are 4 and their lords are 4. All standings of the courtyard around: silver is from their attachments!
Their hooks are silver and their lords are copper!
1. Why does the gate of the courtyard need a camouflage? The purpose of camouflage is to conceal something so that it is very difficult to find, except by those who know for what to look to find the camouflaged item’s location. If the camouflage were too good, even those who have the right to come to the item wouldn’t be able to find it!
Entering into the courtyard typifies responding to the call from Yehovah’s trumpet sounding in order to both come to Mount Zion and to bring others who need assistance to come to Mount Zion. This place of entry must be concealed; otherwise, enemies will recognize it and will slaughter all who approach this gate.
There is only one gate; that gate is hidden to protect those approaching it.
2. Identify this gate: Consider the following text:
Matthew 7:14 The gate is constricted and the way is narrow that leads unto life! And there are few who find it!
I propose that this is the gate mentioned in the text; it will lead those who pass through it up the slopes of Mount Zion. It therefore must be hidden so that violent folks won’t be able to find it and try to push their way up the slopes of Mount Zion.
3. Explain the “20 forearm”: While the Hebrew word for forearm indicates a cubit measurement, it also means mother. I propose that this text describes 20 mothers of Israel who provide the length of the way to the gate of the courtyard.
4. Next, explain “a camouflage 20 forearm blue and purple and earthworm crimson and byssus of the groping of a stranger, doing of variegation”: No one is expecting mothers with children to be a camouflage to the gate of the courtyard, leading into the Holy chamber and into the Holy of Holies chamber.
The blue, I propose, typifies the heavens; the purple, royalty; the earthworm crimson, the lowest-ranking person, the byssus, the fine linen; the byssus of the groping of a stranger, the righteousness that holds one to help a stranger who desires to do right in order to live, and who can’t find his/her way to life; and the doing of variegation, I propose, shows the great variety of persons who will help and be helped, persons from all races and backgrounds: some from gentle backgrounds, and some from the very roughest backgrounds on earth (including persons who were formerly criminals, and who now are willing to risk and give their own lives to help others on whom they had pity, also willingly fighting off the violent oppressors and murderers who have targeted the innocent ones.
5. Explain “Their standings are 4 and their lords are 4”: There are four persons or groups who are in charge of these 20 who are the camouflage; they give them support, and they make sure that justice/vengeance upholds them.
The following text is about the Messiah and His Salvational vengeance:
Isaiah 63:1 “Who is this, come from Edom leavened? Garments are from Botzrah!—This is honourable in his apparel: He wandered in the multiplicity of his power!?” “I am speaking via righteousness, multiplied to save!” 2 “Why is thine apparel red and thy garments as a treader in a winepress?” 3 “I treaded her broken-piece alone! And there is no man from the peoples with me! And I treaded them via my nose! And I stomped them via my heat! And their juice sprinkled upon my garments! And I [blood]-stained all my clothing! 4For Day of Vengeance is in my heart! And Year of my [Blood]-stained came! 5And I peered. And a helper isn’t. And I desolated myself! And a supporter isn’t! And my arm salvationed to me! And my heat: she supported me! 6And I trampled peoples via my nose! And I inebriated them via my heat! And I descended their juice to the land!”
Now, if this is the work that the Messiah will do, those who fear Him and who see innocent ones about to be killed and who can do something about this will be justified in doing the same thing. Saving lives is a vital part of Biblical events!
I propose that these lords of copper will be the justice/vengeance foundations for those who are the standings.
6. Why does the text so emphasize that silver is from the attachments of all the standings of the courtyard? Those attachments again come from the word meaning to love, be attached to, long for; desire, thing desired; spoke, spoke of a wheel. This word shows great affection and a healthy clinging of one person to another or others. Those standings typify persons who will be the stability of the courtyard, and their attachments to others who have been redeemed (rescued) will be by means of the strongest human bonds of desire and love.
Thus, these relationships are very strong between those typified by the standings and those who are typified by the slings! Those very strong relationships are also because of redemption (since silver typifies redemption). The attachments produce the redemption!
(The text states, “silver is from their attachments,” showing that “redemption is from their great affection for one another.” The text doesn’t state what one might think it would: that “the attachments are from silver,” which would show that the attachments are due to redemption.)
7. The text again states, “Their hooks are silver and their lords are copper.” Why? What holds them together is redemption; vengeance and justice are upon what they stand and what drive them to serve!
IX. Length of the Courtyard (verse 18)
The courtyard’s length is 100 via a forearm. The breadth is 50 by 50, and the height is 5 forearms, made of byssus of the groping of a stranger.
1. What does the courtyard’s length being 100 via a forearm tell the reader? I propose that this tells the reader that there will be 100 by means of a mother: by means of what one mother will do:
Judges 5:7 “They of the villages ceased! They ceased in Israel until I Deborah arose—that I arose, a mother in Israel!”
2 Samuel 20:19 “I am peaceable and faithful in Israel! Thou seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel! Why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance of Yehovah?”
In both of these texts, a mother (in Israel) was valiant, and did justice! Both became heroines in the Bible!
Yehovah designed the courtyard to reflect this (or what it really typifies if I am wrong) by its 100-cubit length.
2. Explain this strange wording, “and breadth is 50 via 50”: It took me a while to draw this and have it work. I do not claim that my drawing is accurate, but at least it fit what was described:
If you look at the drawing, you will see that there are three measurements with 50 cubits assigned. One side of the whole box is 50 cubits, but there are two angled sections within the box that are 50 cubits. The next drawing shows the Abode inside the empty section:
The remaining empty section is where the Israelis and others were free to gather in the courtyard.
I propose that the wording, “and breadth is 50 via 50,” is referring to the two 50-cubit angled parts that enclose the Abode. They act as a breadth measurement, though they almost parallel the length measurement (if I am right).
3. What does “and breadth is 50 via 50” typify? Since breadth indicates wideness, and wideness is associated with escape from enemies in the Bible, I propose that this shows the area of escape and the number of those participating in helping the escape of the ones coming and approaching Mount Zion.
4. The next part describes the height: “and height is 5 forearms byssus of the groping of a stranger.” What do the height and the rest of the statement typify? The Hebrew word for height indicates arising. The forearm is not only the cubit, but also typifies a mother. Byssus is fine linen, and typifies the righteousness of Saints. The word that can mean groping of a stranger also typifies twisted cord (making it very strong). Since 5 can also typify the price for redemption, I can now propose what this section pictures: The arising of the redemption of mothers who are righteous and woven together to make a very strong cord, though they were strangers.
5. This text section mentions length, breadth and height. There is another dimension not mentioned here. What is that, and what do these dimensions signify?
Ephesians 3:14 For this cause, I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Messiah Yeshua 15by whom every family in [the] heavens and on land is named 16so-that He will give you to be strengthened by His Spirit in the inner man according to the riches of His glory, with power 17[for] the Messiah to dwell in your hearts through faith being rooted and founded in love 18so-that ye will be fully able to apprehend what is the breadth and length and depth and height with all the Saints, 19and to know the surpassing-knowledge-love of the Messiah, so-that ye will be filled unto all the fullness of God!
The unmentioned dimension is depth.
The four dimensions are:
- Breadth, or wideness (for the purposes of escape!)
- Length, or slowness to anger
- Depth, or the abyss (a very deep place that can also picture Sheol and the lack of peace of all who are now there)
- Height, or arising (in rank; toward the heavens)
These four show what Messiah provided: The wideness for escape; the length for His slowness to anger so that some will have opportunity to turn to Truth; the depth into Sheol, where Messiah went to preach, and from which He arose from the dead, and the height or arising in rank and His going into the heavens from which He will come.
Yet, our text only has three: breadth, length and height, since Messiah will not be going into Sheol again. He will provide escape (wideness); His slowness to anger will give the Israelis and their friends opportunity to repent and obtain Salvation, doing right to their neighbours; and His arising and raising up those who respond to the call of the courtyard will lead them to importance (glory) and to their arrival to Yehovah who dwells the Cherubim.
X. Copper (verses 18-19)
Their lords are copper to every utensil of the Abode by means of all his service and all his nails! Every nail of the courtyard is copper!
1. Why are the lords of every utensil of the Abode and all the abode’s nails copper? All these items are used for purposes of wrath, vengeance, or justice.
2. Of what are all the utensils of the Abode made? They are all made of copper.
3. What does “every utensil of the Abode via all his service” mean? Every utensil of the Abode is for justice, wrath or vengeance; these are the means of the Abode’s service! If any utensil belongs to the Abode, that utensil will likewise typify some aspect of justice, wrath or vengeance.
4. Who is his in, “and all his nails”? His refers to the Abode.
5. What are these nails, and what do they typify? The nails are used to hold the various parts of the courtyard together. They can be removable pins so that the structure can be disassembled. In one case, with Jael, such a tent peg (same word) was used to take vengeance on an enemy of Israel: Sisera.
I propose that the nails typify the following:
- Vengeance, wrath and/or justice will rightly hold those who are part of the courtyard together. Jael showed this type of excellent behaviour.
- The courtyard’s connections (connections between persons) will be associated with justice/vengeance/wrath rather than with redemption or with what gold typifies (immortality).
These connections will be right and good; they will be the first steps leading those in the courtyard to eventually become part of the ‘Abode folks’ through connections that are more permanent than justice/wrath/vengeance.
XI. The Lamp of Continuance (verses 20-21)
Moshe must command the children of Israel. They will take unto Moshe pure cut olive oil for a light emanator to make-ascend a lamp of continuance.
Aharon and his sons must arrange the light emanator to the faces of Yehovah from evening unto morning in the Tent of Appointment. That light emanator is located just outside of the veil that is upon the Testimonies. This is a statute of Hider to their generations; this is from with the children of Israel!
1. Why did Yehovah make such a direct command to Moshe, saying, “And thou: Thou shalt command the children of Israel”? This tells readers that Moshe’s part in this command is vital. The Israelis will obey Moshe’s command according to what it typifies during the Tribulation. The results will be that Israel will have light, and that light will never cease.
2. The text continues, “And they shall take unto thee pure cut olive oil…” Why must this olive oil be taken specifically unto Moshe? When I read this, I considered the following texts (please consider their wording very carefully):
Luke 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, He expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath day.
2 Corinthians 3:15 But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.
Thus, I saw that ‘Moses’ (Moshe) is being used as a name of the Torah itself! I propose that the same is true in the Exodus 27 text. The Israelis will take unto the Torah (the Teaching) that pure, cut olive oil! They will be able to see the Teaching, and they will be able to emanate the Teaching’s light to the races!
3. What is beaten olive oil? When an olive is processed, it must be squeezed or beaten in order for the oil to be forced out. The Hebrew word catat is like our word cut, but it more indicates beating. The olive produces its oil under much pressure.
4. What does this type of oil typify? It typifies excess, fatness: that which can be used by others to provide what is necessary.
Olive oil is very good for food, for frying, for making breads, for the fuel of wick lamps, for anointing dry skin, for dressing wounds, etc. When it is in a wick, when the wick is lit, it gives good and long-lasting light.
5. Explain pure as it is used here: Whatever is pure is unmixed with anything that isn’t supposed to be there (including dirt, for example). If the olive oil is pure, it doesn’t contain pieces of olives or any other matter.
Proverbs 21:8 And a pure-[one]: his action is straight!
(That straightness is the opposite of being crooked.)
6. What is a light emanator? It is anything or anyone that radiates, emanates, gives off light! A flashlight (torch) is a light emanator; a firefly (lightning bug) is a light emanator; a candle is a light emanator; a glow-fish is a light emanator; the moon is a light reflector, but is therefore also considered a light emanator; etc.
7. What is a lamp of continuance? That is a lamp that is continuously lit, and that gives light without ceasing. It is a lamp that is always there and lit.
8. Why would a lamp of continuance necessarily ascend? It is as if some lamp is continuously in motion and going upward to a destination. It is also as if that lamp is becoming more and more important (since things that arise are becoming openly more important).
Toward the end of the Tribulation, the importance of the Spirit of Yehovah will greatly increase (‘ascend’) since the power and authority of those saving lives will be demonstrated by the most incredible miracles.
9. What does this lamp of continuance typify? It typifies the Spirit of Yehovah. There has never been a time when the light from the Spirit of Yehovah hasn’t been available to every living person. (Most humans have not been willing to follow this light from Yehovah; they have determined to follow their own lights and the lights of any other source than Yehovah.)
10. If the above answer is correct, why does it need to be supplied with olive oil? Oil is also associated with perfumes, as this oil is. Thus, it gives light and a very good fragrance (one that must never be copied, a death-penalty offense). This supply shows a picture, since it must always be there. The Spirit of Yehovah never runs out, and it always carries a fragrance with it. One text directly shows this:
Isaiah 11:1 And a twig will exit from the stump of Jesse. And a shoot from his roots will fruit. 2And the Spirit of Yehovah will rest upon him—Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding, Spirit of Counsel and Valiance, Spirit of Knowledge and Fear of Yehovah! 3And His fragrance is in the Fear of Yehovah! And He will judge—not to the appearance of His eyes. And He will correct—not to the hearkening of His ears. 4And He will judge poor ones via righteousness. And He will correct via straightness for humble ones of land. And He will smite land with the staff of His mouth! And He will kill the Culpable-one via the Spirit of His lips! 5And righteousness shall be the belt of his loins. And the Faith is the belt of His arming!
This text describes the seven Spirits of Yehovah that together are the Spirit of Yehovah.
11. Why must Aharon and his sons arrange this Menorah (this light emanator)? They are the cause of the light from the Spirit of Yehovah being so well-seen and so bright!
Now, I am convinced that their roles in this won’t be so innocent. The priests, the sons of Aharon will be participants in the sacrifices of innocent groups and individuals whose lives will be sacrificed in order to save the lives of others who may or may not yet be innocent. These sacrifices are types, and they are types of the innocent dying to cover for the guilty!
If I am right, the violence that will be done by the sons of Aharon (until they finally come to faith) will be the very means of making the light from the Spirit of Yehovah/Yeshua be so bright; light always appears much brighter when it is in contrast to great darkness.
Yehovah never required the priests, the sons of Aharon to believe before being priests.
Some of the priests will know Truth and will be friends; others won’t be friends until later (if at all). Those that are not will be in position to do the greatest damage to Israelis who believe the Torah and who don’t know to avoid sacrifices during the second half of the Tribulation.
12. Why must Aharon and his sons arrange the Menorah to the faces of Yehovah? What they will be doing will be directly in the faces of Yehovah (even if what they think they are doing is in secret)! Yehovah looks directly upon the light that comes from the Menorah! He must see it at all times.
13. What was the appearance of this Menorah? I have proposed how it looked in the following drawing. That certainly doesn’t mean that it appeared this way. I will explain why I drew it after the drawing:
The design in the text is of an almond tree (which looks just like a peach tree, since they are very closely related). It is made of clear gold, yet contains olive oil (which is gold in color). The wicks for the flames are in almond flowers, and the containers for holding the olive oil are in the shape of the almond fruit with almond flower buds also being present. This is why I proposed this strange shape for the Menorah.
14. Why must Aharon and his sons arrange the Menorah from evening unto morning? The evening always starts the new day. The arranging must be done as the evening is coming on. It must again be arranged as the morning comes on: twice a day. This arrangement, this placing it in order (by trimming the wicks or replacing them as necessary, by filling up the Menorah with the special oil, by making certain that everything else is properly in place and functioning) must be done to make certain that its light is not diminished either during the day or during the night.
15. Why must this arrangement be done in the Tent of Appointment? Why couldn’t they carry it out and arrange it in the courtyard? Though its light can be seen outside of the Abode, the Light from the Spirit of Yehovah will be the most evident inside the Abode, inside this Tent of Appointment.
John 14:16 “And I will ask the Father. And He will give you another consolator so that He will remain with you forever—17the Spirit of Truth whom the world cannot grasp because it doesn’t see Him or know Him. And ye know Him! For He abides with you and shall be in you.”
(You in these texts is plural, and refers to a group.) The arranging of the Light from the Spirit of Yehovah, I am thinking, has to do with the good and life-saving works that folks will plan to do, obviously with the Light from the Spirit of Yehovah. Humans can be commanded to do this and that, and they are given full credit for those things. Humans can also just know what to do as if not at all commanded, but using the Wisdom of the Spirit of Yehovah without even thinking about Him (Yehovah the Spirit), and they will also be given full credit for those things! Planning to save lives, I am thinking, will be one act of arranging the Menorah—that is, will be what arranging the Menorah typifies.
Yet, I can see where those in the courtyard will likewise be using the power of the Spirit of the Gods of Israel to do their rescues and to take vengeance against those trying to do harm to innocent ones.
Now, those within the Abode have already entered via the altar; they have come by sacrifice to Yehovah. Those in the courtyard are not born of God (by type—that is, they typify those who are not born of God). While they are led by the Spirit of God and are given power by the Spirit of God, those inside of the Abode (by type) are in a different category. (I don’t want to say that all inside the Abode are born of God until I have solved all the mysteries of those typified by items in the Abode.)
16. Why must this arrangement be done specifically “from outside to the veil that is upon the Testimonies”? This strikes me as showing what will occur during the Tribulation and in the process of the Israelis coming to faith!
Here is this veil. What does it do? It keeps one from seeing the Box—the Ark. That Box has a lid that pictures Yehovah/Our Gods/Yehovah as One! This is what the Israelis will not see until close to the end of the Tribulation.
In the meantime, those who (by type) have entered into the Abode by sacrifice will see the Light from the seven Spirits of Yehovah, and they will see that Table (that typifies Saints moving with children and others who need assistance and protection) that is in front of that Light.
The Light from the Spirits of Yehovah and the Table will be seen before one can go beyond the veil (that typifies Yeshua’s flesh), and before one can see the Box with Yeshua as being the Cover over Israel. Yehovah has set it up this way to show the order of one (especially an Israeli) coming to faith in Yeshua and the works that He did.
17. Is the veil upon the Testimonies? The veil stands between the Menorah and the Box that constitutes the Ark. The Hebrew word that means upon also means beside, by. The veil is by the Box. Yet, it is upon it because it acts as a blanket-styled cover so that one cannot see the Box while standing beside the Menorah (that is, while being in the other chamber known as the Holy Chamber). The Box is located in the Holy of Holies Chamber.
18. What is a statute? It is a rule as if it is made in stone. An example of a statute is,
Deuteronomy 19:14 Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour’s landmark that they of old time have set in thine inheritance that thou shalt inherit in the land that Yehovah thy God gives thee to possess her.
A commandment is normally directed to a person or a group. A statute is like a commandment, but it also has to do with ethics and morality (what is absolutely right or wrong) whereas a commandment doesn’t necessarily have to do with ethics or morality. Yehovah commanded the Israelis to attack Jericho when they finally came into the land of Canaan. That wasn’t a rule; that was a command for that situation. It wasn’t a matter of ethics or morality; it was a matter of strategy and what was necessary for that time and in that place. Yehovah’s statutes that He has given to Israel are for all times and situations.
19. What is Hider? The Hebrew word olam reflects both a time (that time beyond what has been revealed) and a person (Yehovah, the One Who was and Who will be, the beginning and the ending). Since the Bible is given to reveal what is happening from the time that man was created to the time that the New Earth will be created, Hider speaks of the time when this present earth is replaced by the New Earth.
20. What is a statute of Hider? It is a rule that Yehovah has given as long as this planet exists!
21. To whom does their refer in, “to their generations”? Their refers to the Israelis. Aharon and his sons are responsible to do this work as long as the Israelis exist, which will be as long as the planet exists!
22. What does “from with children of Israel” mean, and why is it placed here in this text? Arranging the Menorah from evening unto morning, every day, all days of the year continually is the responsibility given to the children of Israel. Therefore, that arrangement of light is necessarily from with the children of Israel. If something were to happen to the Israelis, the light of the Spirit of God given to the world through the Israelis will not be arranged. That will lead to a terrible disaster for the entire world.
There will be a time when a major segment of Israel will be dead, including the total death of ten tribes. Yehovah will raise them from the dead after their having been dead for a number of years just so that His Speeches will not prove false, and just so that Israel can once again be given the responsibility to arrange the Menorah and its light so that there will be the Hope in this world.
Genesis 1: The Beginning
With Questions and Proposed Answers
Background and Printed Text: Genesis 1
Genesis 1:1 In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the land.
2And the land became chaotic and a mess. And darkness is upon the faces of the deep. And the Spirit of Elohim brooded over the faces of the waters.
3And Elohim said, “Be, light!” And light was. 4And Elohim saw the light, that [it] is good. And Elohim divided between the light and between the darkness. 5And Elohim called the light Yom (Day). And He called the darkness Lilah (Night). And there was evening and there was morning, Day One.
6And Elohim said, “Firmament, be in the midst of the waters! And be a divider between waters to waters.” 7And Elohim made the firmament. And He divided between the waters that are underneath the firmament and between the waters that are above the firmament. And he was so! 8And Elohim called the firmament Heavens. And there was evening and there was morning, Day Second.
9And Elohim said, “The waters shall gather under the heavens unto one place, and the dry has appeared.” And he was so. 10And Elohim called the dry, land. And He called the gathering of the waters, seas. And Elohim saw that [he] is good. 11And Elohim said, “The land shall green-up greenness of the herb seeding a seed, a tree, a fruit making a fruit to his kind, whose seed is via him upon the land.” And he was so. 12And the land sent out greenness of the herb seeding a seed to his kind, and a tree making a fruit whose seed was via him, to his kind. And Elohim saw that [he] is good. 13And there was evening and there was morning, Day Third.
14And Elohim said, “Be, light-sources in the firmament of the heavens, to divide between the day and between the night! And be ye for signs and for appointments and for days and years! 15And be ye for light-sources in the firmament of the heavens to lighten upon the land!” And he was so. 16And Elohim made two of the big light-sources: the big light-source to rule the day and the small light-source to rule the night, and the stars. 17And Elohim gave them in the firmament of the heavens to lighten upon the land 18and to rule in the day and in the night, and to divide between the light and between the darkness. And Elohim saw that [he] is good. 19And there was evening and there was morning, the Day Fourth [‘Revolution’].
20And Elohim said, “The waters shall swarm—a swarmer, a living being. And a flyer will fly over the land upon the faces of the firmament of the heavens.” 21And Elohim created the big sea creatures and every slow-moving being of the lives that swarmed the waters to their kind, and every flyer of wing to his kind. And Elohim saw that [he] is good. 22And Elohim blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas! And the flyer shall multiply on the land!” 23And there was evening and there was morning, Day Fifth.
24And Elohim said, “The land shall send out a living being to her kind, cattle and the creeper and his living-one of the land to her kind.” And he was so. 25And Elohim made the animal of the land to her kind, and the cattle to her kind, and every creeper of the soil to his kind. And Elohim saw that [he] is good.
26And Elohim said, “We shall make Adam in our image as our likeness! And they have dominated in the fish of the sea and in the flyer of the heavens and in the cattle and in all the land and in every creeper creeping upon the land!” 27And Elohim created the Adam in His image! He created him in the image of Elohim! He created them male and female. 28And Elohim blessed them. And Elohim said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the land and subdue her! And dominate in the fish of the sea and in the flyer of the heavens and in everything living creeping upon the land!”
29And Elohim said, “Behold, I have given to you every herb seeding seed that is upon the faces of all the land, and every tree in which is the fruit of a tree seeding seed. He shall be for food to you 30and to every living of the land, and to every flyer of the heavens, and to every creeper upon the land in which is a living being, every green of an herb is for food!” And he was so.
31And Elohim saw all that He had made. And behold, very good! And there was evening and there was morning, Day Sixth!
I. Heavens and Land (verse 1)
The text introduces Elohim without any description. He created the heavens and the land. No other detail is given at this time.
1. The Bible starts out describing a beginning. If it is a beginning, it must be the beginning of something. Of what is it a beginning? It is the beginning of Elohim’s creating the heavens and the land – all the heavens and the land that there are. A verse describes this when He later creates man:
Mark 10:6 God made them male and female from the beginning of the creation.
There will be several beginnings in the Bible. A reader must always figure out what beginning is being described. This particular beginning will be of the land (the planet Earth) and the heavens. A beginning is a start of something. (Don’t assume that it’s the beginning of all creation if the word all isn’t used, and if the description doesn’t include that it is the beginning of all creation.)
2. What does Elohim mean? It is the Hebrew word for gods. Elohim is a title, and not a name. The word Elohim is plural; there is another word, Eloha, that is singular, and means god. I capitalize it to Gods because it refers to the Gods who will be the main character of the Bible.
3. Why is Elohim plural (more than one)? Elohim is all and the only Gods that truly exist. He is the One Who created the sea and the land, and therefore is the God of the sea and the land. Thus, He is the lord of the sea and the land. He is the God of life, and is therefore the lord over life. He is God of all creation; the God of strength, and so on. He is therefore ‘The Boss’ over everything and over every form of life.
4. Why did God design the Hebrew language this way? When the Bible starts and in the first verse, why did He connect a plural subject (Elohim) with the singular verb create? The word Elohim is plural. Yet, the word created is singular in Hebrew. Now, in Hebrew, the subject of a sentence must always agree with the verb in gender and in number. (For example, A plural feminine subject, like ‘The women,’ will correspond with a feminine plural verb, like ‘walked,’ which in Hebrew will have a special form that will tell a reader or hearer that females are walking rather than males, and rather than just one female). Yet, in the case of Elohim and created, these two don’t agree in Hebrew! The verb create has a form that tells a reader that just one being created!
All the Gods, Elohim, are One God. Even though He will appear in several different forms and appearances, He is still One God. There aren’t more gods than the One who is the true Gods.
Man will invent many gods (little ‘g’) throughout history. In the end, man will know there is only One.
5. What does create mean? It means to bring something into existence without any starting materials. Thus, create is making something out of nothing! This is the definition of this word throughout the Bible.
You may hear some folks say, “She is very creative!” This is using the word create in a different way than the way the Bible uses it. Always think of create as making something from nothing.
6. How did Elohim create the heavens and the land?
Psalm 33:6 The heavens were made by the Speech of Yehovah, and all the army of them by the breath of His mouth!
This text shows how: Yehovah spoke.
The reader hasn’t yet met Yehovah; the reader has only been introduced to Elohim. The word Elohim means Gods, and Elohim isn’t a name, just like person isn’t your name. The name Yehovah will be introduced later as Elohim’s name.
7. What was in the heavens once the heavens were created, and why is heavens plural (more than one)? The heavens are plural because there will be three of them:
2 Corinthians 12:2 I knew a man in Messiah above fourteen years ago (I cannot tell whether in the body, or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knows), such a one caught up to the third heaven.
The first heaven will be located right above land! The second heaven will be what we call outer space, including what scientists call the upper atmosphere, and going on far, far away from the land. The third heaven will be a special location that we will discuss later.
The Bible doesn’t say what was in the heavens. Be sure of one thing: the heavens were occupied. Elohim never creates a big nothing. He always creates things right, useful, and with everything needed to do a task.
8. What did the land look like when Elohim created the land? It was a ball in shape; it was the entire planet Earth. It was orderly (not chaos; not a mess). It was useful and beneficial. It was good.
9. Did Elohim create the land with living creatures? See the following texts that can be found in other books of the Bible:
Isaiah 45:18 For so said Yehovah Creator of the heavens─He is the Elohim, and the Former of the land and her Maker! And He foundationed her! He didn’t create her chaos; He formed her to dwell─I am Yehovah, and there is not more.
2 Peter 3:3 In the last days scoffers shall come walking after their own lusts, 4and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming? For since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation!” 5For they are willingly ignorant of this: that the heavens of old became by the speech of God, and the land standing out of the water and in the water 6by which the world that then was perished, being overflowed with water. 7And the heavens and the land that are now are kept in store by the same speech, reserved unto fire against the Day of Judgment and Perdition of ungodly men.
Elohim created the land to dwell; the world that then was perished in a flood. I propose that this describes living animals dying in a first flood (one before the famous flood in Noah’s day).
He initially created the planet Earth with many inhabitants—not humans—but rather with many different kinds of animals, insects, birds, fish, etc. Some were very tiny; others were huge! All were beautifully made.
We have an idea of these things because of what scientists call the fossil record. These are bones and shapes in rocks that showed this first creation of Elohim.
10. Why did Elohim create the heavens and the land, and all the occupants? What was the purpose of all of this? One reason He created them is stated in the text below:
Revelation 4:11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power! For Thou hast created all things, and they are and were created for thy pleasure.
Their destruction in the first flood is a warning for humans who won’t believe the Bible’s record. They can learn from the ancient fossil record so that they will know that destruction occurs when violence takes over.
When Elohim created these things, He created them right. They worked right! All things were created just right.
II. The Mess (verse 2)
The land then became chaotic: (very much without order); it became a mess. Now, darkness is upon the faces of the deep (that is, the waters). The Spirit of Elohim brooded (a sad term) over the faces of the waters.
1. How did the land become chaotic and a mess? Did the animals mess it up? Elohim created everything just right in the beginning. This creation continued to work right. Yet, in this verse, chaos (meaning totally without order; confusion, etc.) and a mess are what is seen on the land of planet Earth. Something occurred for the creation to become this way.
In the fossil record, archaeologists have found that animals became very violent. Yet, Elohim didn’t create them violent. He created them right! Even today, animals that are quite scary, like lions and tigers and bears, don’t behave violently (that is, doing senseless destruction of other creatures for fun or out of a lust for blood) unless something goes wrong. They do go after other animals for food, but normally they live peacefully. The violence that the fossil record shows wasn’t natural; it wasn’t normal.
Elohim created angels (messengers) to do good. These beings are not human, and can take any shape or form needed. They are very strong; the weakest angel is far stronger than the strongest human.
2 Peter 2:11 Angels, which are greater in power and might, don’t bring railing accusation against them before the Lord.
Elohim created these angels to serve humans—that is, to benefit them—before He created humans. Yet, humans (once they are created) will be higher in rank than the highest-ranking angel.
Some of the angels rebelled against Yehovah.
I propose (which means that you must consider this for yourself to see if this is potentially valid) that these rebellious angels turned some of the animals against other animals so that they became bloodthirsty. The animals began destroying other animals without cause, and they brought violence to Planet Earth. I propose that Yehovah destroyed the creation upon the Land as a result of this violence. Verse 2 tells the result of this judgment.
2. What is the deep? This always refers to the oceans or any body of water that is very deep—not just a few hundred feet deep (like a pond or a lake), but miles deep! The Hebrew word tahom always describes a very deep body of water.
3. What are these faces that are of the deep? They are what is on the surfaces of the waters. The surfaces are changing all the time (with wind, waves, and currents), and therefore the water’s faces change all the time.
All things in the Bible have more than one face. There is no singular word ‘face’ in the Bible. You have more than one face. You can smile; you can frown. Some folks are two-faced! The Hebrew verb to turn is from where the noun faces came; those turns in anyone’s ‘face’ make up the various faces! Therefore, faces will always be plural in the Bible.
4. Why does the Bible tell us that darkness was upon the faces of the deep? Wasn’t darkness normal? Darkness is not normal. Light is normal for Elohim! He is light, and He gives light! In order for darkness to occur, He must hide His light!
John 9:5 “As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
(He will later say regarding the Israelis, “Ye are the light of the world,” Matthew 5:14. Thus, even when Yeshua isn’t in the world, the Israelis will continue to reflect Yeshua’s light in the world!)
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it! For the glory of God did lighten it! And the Lamb is its light!
This darkness, then, was not good. Something had happened.
5. Why did the darkness come upon the faces of the deep? Elohim turned the light off because of the violence occurring on the land. (There was no like violence in the seas.) Elohim hates violence—killing and harming needlessly for the sake of pleasure or for a wrong cause.
6. So, was the darkness just over the seas, and not on the land? The darkness was just over the seas because the land was now all underwater.
7. What happened to the land when the darkness came upon the faces of the deep? The land disappeared underwater; this was the first flood.
8. What happened to all the land animals when only the deep was now everywhere? They were drowned. They died. (That is why they will be created new or called forth in the next verses.)
9. What is a spirit? In the Bible, the word spirit can refer to two different things.
- It can refer to what gives or is life. Nothing is alive without a spirit. It is that part of any living creature that is loaned by God in order for that creature to be alive. It isn’t visible, but the spirit is very important.
Think of a battery-operated toy. Act as if the battery is the spirit of the toy; without it, the toy doesn’t operate (as if the toy is dead). With the battery, the toy ‘is alive,’ and can function as designed.
Humans have a spirit that comes from Elohim that gives them life (much like the battery that gives the toy ‘life’).
Each person also forms a separate spirit that others sense, based on the person’s choice of character. This form of the spirit of a creature ‘gives off’ something that is similar to a fragrance. The person does not give off a ‘smell,’ but projects something that emotionally and socially affects others.
A person who designs himself to be cold, tough and mean has formed a mean spirit. This person desires others to sense this. One’s attitudes, desires and hatreds show one’s spirit. One’s unfeigned (not faked) humility or arrogance shows one’s spirit. Thus, one’s character is what shapes this form of one’s spirit.
Elohim is a Spirit: He isn’t confined to a body or location. The Spirit of Elohim includes all the many attributes of His character, combined. Thus, the Spirit of Elohim is Elohim! Elohim’s Spirit gives life, and the Spirit of Elohim always desires to save lives; not to destroy lives.
10. What does brood mean? It means to be sad; upset. Sometimes someone will brood because of a great loss. A mother bird will brood if she comes back to her nest that had chicks in it, and the chicks are gone and the nest is destroyed.
11. Why was the Spirit of Elohim brooding? All the land animals that He had created and that had done so well for so many years were now destroyed. Not one was left. Yehovah did not desire this destruction. The violence on the land demanded that it be done. It had to be done because Yehovah hates His creation becoming violent, and intentionally destroying innocent ones ‘for fun.’ Yehovah brooded over the chaos and mess. It was a loss.
12. This text describes a worldwide flood. (Only later will land appear.) Who flooded the world so that all land was underwater, and all land animals were dead? Elohim did this. He alone has this power.
13. Why did He do this? I propose that He did this to stop the violence that had been taught to His land animals. They had been taught to go for blood when many of them were vegetarians—that is, they only ate plant materials. Even today, animals that are vegetarians can be taught to desire blood; it makes the animals very violent.
14. Why did the Spirit of Elohim brood over the faces of the waters? That was the last place that the land had been, and the animals had lived. Elohim was brooding over the waters because He was sadly looking upon His creation of land creatures that were now all dead.
III. Light! (verses 3-5)
Elohim now said, “Be, light!” And light was! Elohim saw the light; the light is good!
Elohim next divided between the light and the darkness.
He then named the light Yom (in Hebrew), meaning Day. He called the darkness Lilah, meaning Night.
The evening always came first. Then came the morning. That is the Biblical day: it goes from evening through the morning unto the next evening, at which time the new day starts! This was Day One!
1. Why was light the first thing that Elohim restored? Throughout the Bible, light is always the first thing that must come! Darkness is not good; it hides things that can trip a person, and it is compared to not understanding important spiritual things. Light shows what is hidden, and it is compared to understanding important spiritual things.
2. What was the source of this light? This light came from Elohim Himself. There was no other source of light at this time. This will happen again many centuries from now (as described later in the Bible)!
3. Why did Elohim see that the light was good? This lets readers know that light will be good throughout the Bible and throughout the history of the world. To have light, to live in the light, and to be light are good!
4. What does good mean in the Bible? Whatever is good strengthens, builds up in constructive ways, and it is helpful. It therefore doesn’t destroy or do harm. Something that is good is beneficial.
5. Why did Elohim divide between the light and the darkness? He was showing the theme (the basis of the entire set of all events) of the entire Bible! The division between light and darkness is so important! The darkness is introduced at the beginning and is associated with the destruction of the land and the creation. The light is the first thing commanded to ‘be’!
Those who live according to the light of God will always be different from those who live in darkness (who live their lives in whatever way they choose, ignoring what the Creator calls good). Those who walk in the light do what is right and beneficial, and do justice according to Elohim, the Creator.
Elohim constructed the creation so that the physical division between light and darkness teaches readers to live according to that division, and to live in the light since light is good.
6. If light is good, and if darkness isn’t good, why did Elohim have half the day being with darkness while the other half is with light? Why didn’t He make the entire time with light? Later during His creating, Elohim makes sure that there is some light (in the forms of stars, planets, and moonlight). He also teaches to readers that they can be lights and can bring light even when spiritual darkness (the darkness that isn’t physical) is everywhere. Shining in darkness can be so good!
7. Why did Elohim call the light Yom (Day), and the darkness Lilah (Night)? He names things that are very important. Day and Night in the Bible will refer either to the time when the sun is up or down, or to major events and periods of time when good or bad is ruling in the world.
8. If Elohim is the source of the light, how can there be evening and morning? Doesn’t that require the sun? It doesn’t require the sun. Elohim intentionally made sure that evenings and mornings occurred without the sun so that readers would learn that Elohim truly is the light of the world, and that He can give much light, or He can withdraw light so that night will come.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it! For the glory of God did lighten it! And the Lamb is its light!
IV. Firmament! (verses 6-8)
Elohim next spoke the firmament into existence. He created it in the midst of the waters. He told the firmament to be a divider between waters to waters!
Elohim made this firmament. The firmament was designed to divide between the waters that are underneath the firmament and the waters that are above the firmament. It did according to its design!
Elohim called the firmament heavens.
Evening had started the day, and then came morning. Thus was Day Second.
1. What is a firmament? It is a tough structure that is invisible and flexible. It acts like a very thin and huge plate of metal or a very strong sheet that is much like a scroll that is unrolled. The firmament holds in place the things that are placed in it.
There is only one firmament. It is found throughout the entire universe, holding planets in orbit around stars, holding moons in orbit around planets, holding the rings of planets (like Saturn) around the planets; holding galaxies in their shapes; making things hold together when this would otherwise be impossible.
In this verse, the firmament will support huge amounts of water above huge amounts of water.
2. What is the purpose of dividing waters from waters? One reason is to protect the creation. The vast amount of waters that are separated by the firmament are kept from flooding the land.
Additionally, the waters in the firmament and on the land can better serve different purposes. The waters in the firmament (that are in the clouds), for example, can be taken to areas of land that need the waters. Water is so very heavy. Clouds float tons and tons of water over dry areas of land, and they can release water so that the lands receive what they need to produce fruit.
The waters in the rivers, seas and lakes provide places for water creatures to live. They also provide sources of water for all of the creation. (Humans are roughly 70% water!) Water is so important to life!
3. Why did Elohim call the firmament heavens (plural) instead of heaven (singular)? This tells readers that the firmament goes into the farthest reaches of the heavens: all three of the heavens! Thus, when anyone looks at the stars, the constellations, the galaxies, the planets, etc., the person is looking at the work of the firmament that holds those things where Yehovah placed them!
4. Why does the text state, “And he was so,” in verse 7? This tells the reader that Elohim spoke, and so easily caused this structure to be made: a structure that does what otherwise would be totally impossible. Nothing that humans put into orbit around Earth stays in orbit very long! Everything can remain in orbit for a few years with careful planning, but what Elohim put in orbit has remained there for centuries, and will continue there for centuries more!
Look at the clouds that float overhead. On some days, you will see that the clouds seem to have flattish bottoms. Some that are building into a storm cloud will still have a flattish bottom even while the top is building upward and outward! Why do clouds have the flattish bottoms? This is because of the firmament!
Sometimes you will see that there can be more than one layer of clouds, with a cloud set being much higher than another cloud set. How can this be? Again, the firmament divides them. When it rains, the firmament is temporarily torn. (The Bible will call this the opening of the windows of the heavens.) When the firmament’s tear is closed, the rain will stop.
5. Why, again, does the text note that there was evening and there was morning? Even though there wasn’t a sun or moon yet, this tells the reader that the period of time that passed was truly just one day (our 24-hour day), and not major periods of time. (There are no evenings and mornings to large periods of time.)
V. Waters, Land, and Green! (verses 9-13)
When Elohim said that the waters will gather under the heavens unto one place, and the dry has appeared, this caused one giant island of land to appear. As a result of the first flood, only the waters were visible over the entire surface of the planet!
Elohim called the dry and giant island land. He called the gathering of the waters seas. Elohim saw that he (the land) is good!
The land was barren, however. Elohim said, “The land shall green-up greenness of the herb seeding a seed, a tree, a fruit making a fruit to his kind, whose seed is in him upon the land.” This covered three kinds of plants: herbs, trees, and fruit producers. In all cases, the seeds of every plant species are continued via (by means of) the fruit that produces seeds.
The land did what Elohim said. She sent out greenness of the herb seeding a seed to his kind! She sent out a tree making a fruit whose seed was via him, to his kind.
Elohim saw that he is good! Evening came, then morning: Day Third.
1. Before Elohim said, “The waters shall gather under the heavens unto one place, and the dry has appeared,” what did the planet look like? Only water could be seen; all land was underwater.
2. What happened when the waters gathered unto one place? The waters drained off the land very rapidly (this took place within one day!), so that just one giant island of land was formed on Earth. The rest of Earth was still oceans.
3. Why does the text say, “And he was so”? This shows the reader that the creation obeyed Elohim right away when He gave commands. Humans won’t obey Elohim in this way in most of Earth’s history. In the case of this text, the waters gathered right away from off the land in order for the dry land to appear.
4. Why does the text tell a reader that Elohim called the dry, land? In the Bible, the word land will either refer to a specific land (like ‘the Land of Israel’) or to all the land on the planet that is above water. The reader will normally be able to quickly tell which land is in mind.
5. Why did Elohim call the dry, land, which is singular, while calling the gathering of the waters, seas, which is plural? At this time, there was only one large body of land. Yet, there were many different seas! (The different seas are not the same! They have different climates: temperatures, pressures, movements of the waters with different creatures that swim and live in them. Thus, from the beginning, the seas were very different one from another.) This is true of the land, too! It had and continues to have so many different climates over its surfaces!
6. Verse 10 states, “And Elohim saw that [he] is good.” It doesn’t state that Elohim saw that they are good. To what does he refer? The entire act of Elohim’s bringing the dry land from the waters is good!
7. What does “The land shall green-up” mean? In order for the land to ‘green-up,’ it must produce green plants! The land had been flooded long enough to turn plants from green to colors that aren’t green (blacks, browns, grays, whites, etc.). The text does not declare that Yehovah created, made or formed the plants. He commanded the existing (yet lifeless) plants to ‘green up’! This is another evidence that the first creation had been stopped ‘dead’ by a flood (as a result of violence).
8. What is an herb? An herb is a plant that is green and that normally doesn’t produce wood.
9. What is the greenness of the herb? This is an especially bright green color found in the new growth of many plants.
10. What does “seeding a seed” mean? This means that the plants will produce seeds that will then be ‘seeded’—that is, dispersed to other places where the seeds can germinate (begin to put down roots) and produce more plants.
11. The whole sentence is, “The land shall green-up, greenness of the herb seeding a seed, a tree, a fruit making a fruit to his kind, whose seed is via him upon the land.” A tree is mentioned. What is Elohim commanding for the tree? I understand that the statement about the tree is this: “The land shall green-up, greenness of a tree.” The trees, like the herbs, must green up and produce fruit (of some form) with seed!
12. What does “a fruit making a fruit to his kind” describe? Start with the fruit of any plant. The fruit will either contain seeds or will be connected to the seeds in some way. The seed of any plant will produce another plant, and that plant will produce a fruit that is to his kind—that is, it will be just like the fruit that was used to grow this new plant! Thus, a seed from corn cannot grow a tomato. Each plant’s seed produces a plant that is like it. There will be variation (changes in certain things), but the new plants will be the same kind of plants as the original plant.
13. What does “whose seed is via him” describe? The seed will be formed and made by means of the fruit of the plant.
Seeds are often inside of the fruit, but sometimes they aren’t. Consider the strawberry, and how the seeds are formed outside of the fruit! Yet, the seeds are always formed by means of the fruit as it forms.
Some ‘fruits’ are not fruits that humans would eat. Never assume that a pretty berry, for example, can be eaten! The berry that is produced on a dogwood tree would not be a fruit that you would serve for lunch, but the birds think the fruit is delicious! That dogwood’s seed is inside of its fruit – the berry. Yet, even fruits like this can sometimes be turned into important and life-saving medicines for humans!
14. Are there plants that produce seeds without producing fruit? There are; in that case, the seeds are the fruit! Ferns are a very large group of plants. Their ‘seeds’ are sometimes microscopic, in which case they are called spores. In many ferns, they form on the underside of leaves. (Look under the leaves of ferns; you will often see little dots, which are groups of spores.)
15. The sentence ended with, “upon the land.” Are there plants that aren’t on land, but are on water? Yes, there are water-only plants. Some plants, like algae or duckweed, float. Some larger floating plants send down root-like anchors to hold them in their places so that normal winds don’t make them drift. This occurs in beautiful swamps. Sometimes the water plants become so dense that they become small islands (as if they are land) where birds make nests, and even humans can live!
This text isn’t telling readers all the variety that Elohim made. It is explaining how the plants on the land greened up (came back to life), and how the land plants reproduce.
16. According to verse 12, what happened? The land did as Elohim said! She (the land) sent out greenness of the herb, and the herb seeded seed to his kind! The tree made a fruit whose seed was by means of the fruit, and to his own kind.
17. According to verse 12, how did Elohim respond to the land’s doing what He said? Elohim saw that he is good! He was pleased!
18. How long did it take for the land to green up? Verse 13 states that there was evening, and there was morning. This was ‘Day Third.’ So, it took one day.
VI. Light Sources (verses 14-19)
Elohim waited until the fourth day to create light sources in the firmament of the heavens: “Be, light sources!” These light sources divide between the day and between the night! He also commanded these light sources to be for:
These light sources must be in the firmament of the heavens to lighten upon the land! Elohim commanded; these things occurred.
Elohim made two of the big light sources: the big one to rule the day and the small light source to rule the night. He also made the stars!
Elohim gave all these lights in the firmament of the heavens
- To lighten upon land,
- To rule in the day,
- To rule in the night,
- To divide between the light and the darkness.
Elohim saw that he is good! Evening came; and then morning came: Day Revolution, the Fourth Day.
1. What are light sources? They are items from which light comes. A flashlight (torch) is a light source. A headlight of a vehicle is a light source.
2. What will these light sources be? They will be the sun, the moon, and the stars.
3. Where will these light sources be located? They will be in the firmament of the heavens! Thus, they will also be held in place by the firmament!
4. What will be the purposes of these light sources? They will be to divide between the day and the night! They will also be for:
- Light upon the land
5. What is a sign in the Bible? A sign is an event, a person or an item that signifies (points to) another event, person or item in a very recognizable and usually miraculous way.
Someone often points out a particular sign, describing it beforehand. (For example, “And this is a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.”) In other cases, the sign is recognized as such without prior descriptions (“Jonah was a sign unto the Ninevites”).
Constellations are for signs (Genesis 1:14). If a sign is not certain, it cannot be a sign from Yehovah. (Many claim things as signs that are not.) A sign must also communicate clear information, pointing to something certain in a manner that cannot be misunderstood. Thus, Gideon asked for dew to be on an item, and not on the ground around the item, as a sign that Yehovah will give him success. He then asked for the reverse sign: that dew will be on the ground around the same item, and not on the item, which Yehovah also did.
Signs must be described before they occur, since anyone can assign a meaning to a sign after the phenomenon (that is, after the strange occurrence).
6. How can one know that something is a sign? First, a sign must be announced. Secondly, the one announcing the sign must either be God, an angel, or a person who has been given the information. Once God, an angel, or a person gives this information to someone else or to a group, describing the sign that will occur, the person or group must then watch for the sign, and determine whether or not it happened exactly the way it was described. Now, that doesn’t mean that the person or group must believe the sign; asking for another sign is fine. The purpose of a sign isn’t to prove anything; it is rather to give reason to consider whether what is being described with the sign (that is, what the sign is supposed to be showing) will happen or not happen.
Judges 7:9 And it was the same night. And Yehovah said unto him, “Arise! Get thee down unto the army! For I have delivered it into thine hand! 10And if thou fear to go down, go thou with Phurah thy servant down to the army! 11And thou shalt hear what they are saying. And afterward, thine hands shall be strengthened to descend unto the army!” Then he descended with Phurah his servant unto the outside of the armed men that were in the army. 12And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the seaside for multitude. 13And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream unto his fellow. And he said, “Behold, I dreamed a dream! And behold, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the army of Midian! And it came unto a tent! And it smote it so-that it fell, and overturned it, so-that the tent fell.” 14And his fellow answered. And he said, “This is nothing else except the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel! For God hath delivered Midian and all the army into his hand!” 15And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream and its interpretation, that he worshipped! And he returned into the army of Israel. And he said, “Arise! For Yehovah delivered the army of Midian into your hand!”
Gideon was convinced by this sign of enemy soldiers speaking of the success he was about to have! These enemy soldiers even knew the name of Gideon’s father! Gideon’s entire army numbered 300, and they were to go against a very large army numbering in the thousands. Gideon knew that the Spirit of Elohim had given this sign. Once he knew that, he could confidently do the assignment that Yehovah gave to him.
Now, I will give one example of a false sign. A woman desires to know if God wants her to become a nun. (She is Roman Catholic.) She prays. She asks God for a sign of a rose: that if she will receive a rose, she will know that God wants her to become a nun. Ten days later, she receives a rose from a friend. She believes this to be a sign. It isn’t, however, since her prayer to her deity can easily be heard by a demon who can then prod a friend to send her a rose.
A person who strongly feels that he/she is obtaining a sign, and still isn’t sure that the sign is from Elohim, always has the right to have the sign either tested or ask for the provision of another sign. A sign is of no value if the one receiving the sign isn’t sure.
7. What are appointments? They are future events that are promised with timings that are promised.
8. How can a light source be for appointments? If the light source changes in a particular way that has been described, and if that change will occur at the same time as an appointment will be kept, that light source will become an indicator of that appointment. For example,
Revelation 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal. And behold, there was a great earthquake! And the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood! 13And the stars of the heavens fell unto the land even as a fig tree casts her untimely figs when she is shaken by a mighty wind. 14And the heavens departed as a scroll when it is rolled together! And every mountain and island were moved out of their places. 15And the kings of the land and the great men and the rich men and the chief captains and the mighty men and every slave and every free man hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains. 16And they said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us! And hide us from the faces of Him Who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17For the great day of His wrath is come! And who shall be able to stand?”
Therefore, the sign, or in this case, the series of signs, tell the event and the timing of the arrival of the great day of Yehovah’s wrath. Both the bad and the good guys will recognize these signs! The signs will be messages of hope for the good guys, and terror for the bad guys.
9. How can light sources be for days? The sun is a day marker, and the moon can be a night marker, though it is visible in part of the day, and it is gone in part of the night.
Also, there are special days that the sun is used to determine when they arrive. What we call the longest day of the year or the shortest day of the year is determined by the length of time that sunlight remains before night comes.
A future special set of days will occur when entire day-and-night cycles go from 24 hours to 16 hours. This will occur in the Tribulation.
10. How can light sources be for years? The sun is the main light source that shows a yearly cycle. It isn’t that the sun is truly changing, but the earth goes around the sun, and scientists were able to figure out that this occurs every 365 ¼ days (it is necessary to add one day every four years with a few exceptions). Going around the sun in one cycle is one year. Thus, the sun is used to show one year.
Also, the sun, moon and stars will be used to show when such events as the Tribulation’s years will arrive. Signs using the sun, moon and stars will give information regarding the arrival of these years. (I described some of those above.)
11. According to verse 15, where will these light sources be located? They will be located in the firmament of the heavens! Thus, the firmament isn’t just to divide waters from waters; it is also the object that contains the sun, moon and stars.
12. What is the main purpose of the firmament, according to verse 15? It is to hold the created light sources that lighten upon the land!
13. What is the big light source that rules the day? It is the sun.
14. What is the small light source to rule the night? It is the moon.
15. Is the moon really a light source? Doesn’t it instead reflect light from the sun, the real light source? It is really a light source, though its light comes from the sun. The moon is the primary light source that rules the night.
16. Why does Elohim consider the moon a light source when it truly only reflects light from the sun? This reflects what happens in two other texts:
John 8:12 Then Yeshua spoke again unto them, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life!”
Matthew 5:14 “Ye are the light of the world.”
Yeshua truly is the big light-source. He is the light of the world both physically and as Truth. Yeshua stated to the Israelis that they are the light of the world. They are like the moon: they reflect the light from the big light source: Yeshua. Still, Yeshua states that the Israelis are the light of the world.
17. Are the stars much smaller light sources than the sun? No! Most are far, far larger than the sun! Yet, because they are so distant, they appear as only tiny points of light.
18. Verses 17 and 18 give the reasons for the sun, moon, and stars. What are the reasons given in these two verses?
- He gave them to lighten upon the land,
- To rule in the day,
- To rule in the night,
- To divide between the light and the darkness.
19. What does “Elohim saw that: good” mean? This means that Elohim saw the actions that He did as good actions! He was pleased with the end results!
20. The Hebrew word used for fourth is actually revolution. Why is the word revolution used? This is referring to a complete cycle, something turning. If one goes in a circle, the person goes in one direction, then the next direction, then the next, and finally the last (fourth) turn that completes a revolution: a complete turn! Yehovah employs this for the fourth of a series of things.
VII. Water Creatures and Flying Creatures (verses 20-23)
Elohim now commanded the waters to swarm with a swarmer, a living being. He also commanded the flyer to fly over the land upon the faces of the firmament of the heavens!
- Big sea creatures
- Every slow-moving being of the lives that swarmed the waters to their kind
- Every flyer of wing to his kind.
Elohim saw that he is good!
Elohim blessed them, commanding,
- Be fruitful!
- Fill the waters in the seas!
He also said that the flyer will multiply on the land!
Evening came; and then morning came: Day Fifth.
1. What is a water swarmer? It is a larger collection of creatures that cling together, often acting as a single unit. On land, ants can swarm, acting as if they have a large brain that they use together. Bees can do the same thing.
In water, the swarmers include schools of fish. These schools are not for education, but are groupings of fish that act as if they are all part of one single creature! Other creatures in the water swarm, hanging together. This is even a way to defend against much larger enemies! Watch this video to see an interesting example of a fish swarm: http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/other-shows/videos/superswarm-fish-vortex.htm
2. In verse 20, a living being is mentioned. To what does this living being refer? The living being can refer to the individual swarmer, like one fish in an entire school of fish. It can also refer to the entire group as a living being, since the group acts in complete coordination as if it is one creature!
Later in human history, there will be a group of humans that will be called the Body of Messiah. This group will be comprised of individuals, but will behave in coordination as one living being—just like the swarmers!
3. What is a flyer? Every bird is a flyer. Insects that fly are also flyers, but this text appears to be speaking of birds (see question & answer 14).
4. Besides flying over land, what do the flying creatures use (referring to an object) to keep their flight in the air? They use the firmament. Specifically, they use the faces of the firmament: the many surfaces of the firmament.
The birds most known for using the faces of the firmament are eagles, hawks, etc. who use the lift of the winds to gain altitude and to keep up on the air. They are actually using the firmament’s faces to do this! We just can’t see those faces. Some insects likewise live on the firmament, including some spiders who live far up in our visible atmosphere! (They do use webs; some spiders can throw their webs like weapons! Some use their web material to sail along the faces of the firmament!)
5. What are the big sea creatures? Whales, of course, are included. So are some very large squids, octopi, and other very large and usually very friendly giant ocean creatures. (There is one very large sea creature named Leviathan that will be introduced later in the Bible.)
6. What is a slow-moving being that lives in the sea? A jellyfish does what the text describes: jellyfish move slowly, and they do swarm. Lobsters also go slowly, and they can swarm. Sea snails are slow-going, and tend to move in packs. There are so many different species!
7. What does “being of the lives” describe? A being is a creature that is made of a body, a soul, and a spirit. Every living thing is made of all three, and is a soul, but only humans are everlasting souls. In the soul of every creature is the creature’s personality. Even plants show personality, though it is harder to detect because they communicate in a very different way.
A being of lives is a being that goes through different stages of life. It is as if it has more than one life. In humans, this is seen in the following stages:
- The baby in the womb
- The born infant
- The toddler
- Early childhood
- Pubescent (going through puberty, having to do with hormones before adulthood)
Responsibilities normally increase with these stages of human life. Each stage of life is different from the previous one. As a result, every person who lives long enough has many ‘lives’ that are represented by these different stages.
8. What is the benefit of swarming? It is a protective action of a group that acts as one. This gives the group a much better survival rate. Enemies are often so much bigger and stronger; yet, the group acts as an even larger creature that is very able to deal with enemies. (See the video mentioned above.)
9. What does bless mean in the Bible? It means to entrust something to another that can and should be used by the person to benefit others. A blessing differs from a gift because of the responsibility that comes with the blessing; a gift is often for private use.
A blessing includes an invocation—that is, an invoking. To invoke means to call something into another. In the case of a blessing, it is calling what items the person (or group) will receive, and what responsibilities must come with what the person (or group) receives.
10. If the above is true, why did Elohim bless them? He blessed them so that they will benefit others outside of their groups. There are so many ways that the various creatures can benefit others (besides being food to other creatures). Consider insects that pollinate our food crops! Think about earthworms that tunnel through and improve our soils! Fungi work with plants so that both the fungi and plants can live and obtain what they need! The creation is designed to work together for benefit of others.
11. What does be fruitful mean? This means to bear fruit, which covers so many activities. A fruitful activity will benefit others. The creatures that build the coral reefs are building structures that other creatures can use for homes and protection. Some creatures help other creatures, like fish that clean the teeth of much larger fish. Yehovah blesses creatures with different abilities so that each species can be fruitful in its particular ability and work by providing benefit to others through that work.
12. What is the purpose of multiplication? This keeps the species going and healthy. It makes it so that groups can go into new environments. It ensures new generations even during very hard times. It populates the creation (land and waters) so that work can be performed on land, in the land, and in the waters.
13. Have these creatures filled the waters in the seas? I propose that they haven’t yet done this. There are many seas where few creatures live; they are like deserts, but with water. Later, the oceans will support huge numbers of sea creatures in contrast to what they can support now.
14. According to verse 22, where must all flyers multiply? They must multiply on the land. Thus, no flyer of what is being described here multiplies in the waters. (This is one reason why the text appears to be speaking of birds, and not insects, since insects, like the mosquito, multiply in pools of water, though those pools of water are on land.)
Some birds make their nests out over swamp water (very clean water, and where plants grow very thickly). The grasses are like islands that are floating. They are anchored to the soil below the swamp. The birds are still multiplying on land, but on these mats of grasses.
VIII. Cattle, Animal and Creeper (verses 24-25)
Elohim next focused on land. He commanded, “The land shall send out:
- A living being to her kind!
- The creeper and his living-one of the land to her kind!
The text then states that Elohim made the animal of the land to her kind. He made the cattle to her kind. He made every creeper of the soil to his kind!
Elohim saw that he is good!
1. In verse 24, did Elohim create anything? I do not see where anything was created in verses 24 and 25.
2. How did the living being described in verse 24 come about? The text states that the land shall send out a living being to her kind. This means that the soil will form these creatures. Thus, they aren’t created, but rather are made (as in prepared) from the soil that makes up the land.
3. Why is the living being described as her (in, “to her kind”)? Yehovah assigns a feminine or masculine pronoun to every group, creature and item. This is by design so that Yehovah will use genders of words to make distinctions when using the pronouns that refer to them. For example, “to her kind” uses the pronoun her.
In the Bible, every creature is assigned a masculine or feminine gender, but will still be feminine when it is classified as a being. In other words, the being of every creature (including every man, woman, boy, girl, animal, etc.) will always be feminine.
4. With what animals are these living beings identified? This appears to be the general category of all the living creatures that are on the land.
5. With what animals are the cattle identified? In the Bible, the word cattle refers to land mammals that graze, eating plants for food. They include oxen, deer, buffalo, antelope, moose, reindeer, elephants, giraffes, hippopotami, rhinoceroses, regular cows and bulls, goats and sheep, rams, gazelles, etc.
6. With what animals are the creepers identified? The animals I identify with this word are creatures that move slowly, or creep, across the land. These include sloths, crabs, crawdads, snakes, etc.
7. What are living-ones of the land? Wild dogs, lions, tigers, panthers, monkeys, apes, baboons, rats, possums, armadillos, skunks, raccoons, etc. are living ones. Yet, “his living-one of the land” can also refer to earthworms, roly-polies, spiders, and all the many insects that are not classified as swarmers.
8. In all the cases, the text says, “to her kind.” Then, in verse 25, it refers to the creeper of the soil “to his kind.” Why is there a difference in gender? The group identified with the creepers is masculine. Elohim assigned genders to everything, and He assigned the masculine gender to creeper groups. (I don’t know why He assigns some things as masculine and others as feminine; some make sense to me, but this doesn’t explain why.)
9. Why did Elohim see, and consider it good? Elohim was pleased with all these creatures that He designed! He knew that their design enabled them to do work that would be both good and beneficial.
IX. Adam! (verses 26-28)
Elohim next said, “We shall make Adam in our image as our likeness!” The result will be that “they have dominated:
- In the fish of the sea!
- In the flyer of the heavens!
- In the cattle!
- In all the land!
- In every creeper creeping upon the land!
Elohim created the Adam in His image! He created him in the image of Elohim! He created them male and female!
Elohim blessed them!
Elohim then said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the land and subdue her!” He also commanded the human He created to dominate in the fish of the sea, to dominate in the flyer of the heavens, and to dominate in every living creeping creature upon the land!
1. Who are we in, “We shall make Adam in our image as our likeness”? The we refers to the Gods, Elohim in all His forms. In other words, Adam is made like a miniature and limited form and fashion of Elohim. The Adam has the ability to do good works, justice, and righteousness. The Adam can emotionally respond with wrath, love, grace, and much more – both rightly and with wisdom.
2. Why did Elohim make Adam in the singular image of Elohim (plural)? This shows that Adam has responsibilities because of this construction. The very image of the Creator is on him. He is as a living billboard! The image of Elohim on the Adam includes abilities (seeing, smelling, hearing, touching, doing, building, tearing down, etc.) that are like those of God, but limited.
Later, Elohim will make Himself into the likeness of Adam, of men, in order to live righteously among men and to be a sacrifice for men. Therefore, these things are for teaching purposes.
Every human being therefore looks like Elohim, though Elohim is usually invisible!
3. What is an image? It is something that looks like something else. On the penny is an image of Abraham Lincoln. That image looks like him very closely, though it isn’t he.
An image depicts a shape of something: it gives an impression that is accurate.
4. What is a likeness? It is the set of characteristics that are like the characteristics of another.
Thus, Adam both looked like and had the characteristics of Elohim. Both the image and the likeness carry responsibilities! One who acts totally different from Elohim (by doing what isn’t good) isn’t following His likeness or the purpose for which he was created.
5. Who are they in, “And they have dominated …”? They are humans (in the Bible, called the Adam) far later in history than Adam and Eve.
6. Have humans dominated in the fish of the sea and in the flyer of the heavens and in the cattle and in all the land and in every creeper creeping upon the land? No, not yet. Another text describes this:
Hebrews 2:8 “Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet.” For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him. But now we don’t yet see all things put under him!
7. If the answer to the above is true, why or why not has this happened? It hasn’t happened because at the present time, there are evil folks who would irresponsibly use this ability to destroy the animals for pleasure. They would be very cruel to them. Violence, extinction of animal species, and the harm of animals by the humans would also result.
In the Millennium (the 1,000-year reign of Elohim, the Messiah, over all kings and authorities), this domination will work well, because any human who tries to use the animals for a wrong purpose will be arrested and will be taught a strong lesson to never do so again.
8. Verse 26 states, “We shall make …” Verse 27 states, “Elohim created.” How can both be right regarding man? They are both right. When it came to the soul, which is the real person, Elohim created, and He still continues to do this for every human soul. When it came to the physical body, Elohim made the body from soil.
Therefore, the soul is in the likeness of Elohim. The body of a person is made from soil, and looks like a physical representation of Elohim’s image, attributes, and abilities!
9. What is “the Adam,” and why is this worded this way? The word adam is a generic (non-specific; general) Hebrew word for man as in human. The expression, the Adam, is like saying, the human. Elohim created the human in His image.
Yehovah named human beings Adam because they are made from adamah, the Hebrew word for soil.
There are two different Hebrew words that also mean man, but they describe man in ways that differ from this generic term: human.
10. The text mentions several times about Elohim creating Adam in His image. Why is this repeated? It is very important! When things are mentioned even twice in Biblical texts, they are very important.
Because humans are wearing the image of Elohim, this shows how important the responsibility is that every human has for his/her actions. It also shows ownership. No human is made in this image by choice; it is a responsibility given from the Creator. It is Elohim’s label!
11. The next sentence states, “He created him in the image of Elohim!” Who is He, and why does the text word it as if He is different from Elohim? He is Yeshua. Elohim is also Yeshua; but the wording of the text is designed for readers who do not know about Yeshua in order for them to begin to consider that God identifies Himself singularly as the one true God and in plural forms as if He is more than one being (yet always being just one God).
Colossians 1:12 … confessing to the Father Who made us competent for the share of the inheritance of the Saints in the Light 13Who delivered us from the authority of darkness and translated into the kingdom of the Son of His love 14in Whom we have redemption through His blood, the remission of sins, 15Who is the image of the invisible God, firstborn of all creation. 16Because all things were created by Him, the things in the heavens and the things upon the earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones, or lordships, or principalities, or authorities: all things have been created by Him and for Him. 17And He is before all! And all things subsist via Him! 18And He is the Head of the Body: the Assembly; Who is [the] beginning, firstborn from among the dead, so-that He will be holding the first place in all things. 19For all the Fullness was pleased to dwell in Him …
Yeshua, then, is the Creator, and He is Elohim.
12. Verse 27 states, “He created him (singular) in the image of Elohim! He created them (plural) male and female.” Did Elohim create two beings at this time? No. He created just one being, one person, at this time. Both male and female were created in Adam! He was both at this time! (The fancy word for this is hermaphrodite.) Yet, the text speaks in the plural (them) because of what Elohim will do in a short time.
13. Elohim blessed them. Elohim had already blessed other creatures in these verses. Why did Elohim bless them, and who are them? Them refers to both the male and the female before and after He separates their bodies!
He blessed them in order to give them good responsibilities by which they will be able to benefit others. The purposes of blessings in the Bible always include benefiting others. The blessings and responsibilities are very great because of the image that is on man!
14. What are the four commands that Elohim gave to Adam (as if to them, plurally)? They are:
- Be fruitful
- Fill the land
- Subdue the land
The one command He gave to the humans to do that is extra compared to the animals is to subdue the land.
15. What is involved in subduing the land? What does this mean? The word rendered subdue has the following acceptations: to subject, subdue, force, keep under, bring into bondage; make subservient; violate; tread down. Obviously, violating and mistreating isn’t part of the command that Elohim gave regarding the land. Thus, consider the following modern definitions of subdue (see http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/subdue):
1. to conquer and bring into subjection: “Rome subdued Gaul.”
2. to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3. to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; to render submissive.
4. to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5. to bring (land) under cultivation: to subdue the wilderness.
There are many lands on this planet that cannot yet produce crops for man. There are environments that are so harsh, that humans are in constant danger of death. When this command will be done, every land on Earth will be useful and important to humans!
A very large continent is called Antarctica. It is very cold and much of it is very dry. It produces nothing but cold air and hardship at this time. Humans can live on it, but they must have very special clothing, and they must obtain food from elsewhere. Someday, this continent will be very productive, and humans will be able to live on it without obtaining most supplies from another place.
When humans subdue it—that is, bring it from wild to friendly and to being very productive, they will serve the soil, and the soil will give them much! This has yet to occur! It is a future event!
16. What will happen when man will fill the land? Humans will be able to live on every type of soil and climate in the world, and will do fine!
17. What will occur when man dominates in the fish of the sea? Man will command fish to do various things, and the fish will obey. Every human will be able to communicate with the fish, and the fish will respond in obedience.
18. Is this domination already present today? Can humans communicate with fish, and they will obey? Humans can train sea creatures in many cases, but this isn’t to what the text is referring. When this domination occurs, no training will be necessary. Thus, it isn’t at all present today.
19. If the above answer is correct, why hasn’t Elohim yet given humans domination over the fish of the sea? Humans who are evil would command the sea creatures to do very harmful and destructive things. Thus, this event awaits the time when every human will be directly under the authority of God and righteousness. If a human tries to use a sea creature to do wrong at that time, the human will be immediately stopped.
20. Has there ever been a time when this domination over animals has occurred on Earth? Yes! Moshe was given that kind of authority when he called for the frogs and locusts to come, and then when he called for them to leave. These events will be described in this series (Bible Characters Series) when we come to Exodus in about 20 years.
21. Scientists classify fish only as “A limbless cold-blooded vertebrate (backboned) animal with gills and fins, and living wholly in water.” Is that what fish means in this text? No. When the Bible refers to a fish, it is speaking of a creature that lives wholly in water, but also can be very different: some having fins, some without fins; some having gills, and others breathing by other means; some having a backbone, and others without a backbone. In the Bible, define fish to mean sea creature.
22. What will happen when man dominates in the flyer of the heavens? Humans will be able to command birds and other flying creatures to do jobs, tasks and errands for them! Again, these things await a time when humans will themselves be righteous and/or under very strict authority so that they don’t misuse or destroy the flying creatures for their own pleasures.
23. What will happen when man dominates in everything living creeping upon the land? Every creeper, like crawdads, armadillos, centipedes, snakes, etc. will be under the direct command of man, and they will obey man. This, again, will only work right when humans are under the direct command of one who is righteous, including the command of God and those He puts into authority.
X. Food! (verses 29-30)
Elohim spoke to the creatures He created, telling them that He has given to them every herb that makes seeds and that is upon the faces of all the land for food. He has also given every tree in which there is a fruit of that tree seeding seed, for food.
Elohim continued, “He shall be for food to you!” He then continued, showing what the herbs and trees will feed:
- Every living of the land
- Every flyer of the heavens
- Every creeper upon the land in which is a living being
Every green of an herb will be for food! This is what occurred.
1. Verse 29 states, “I have given to you every herb …” Who are you in this text? You refers to humans (plural) who will include Adam and all who come from Adam.
The Adam is one being at this time, but Yehovah knows that He will divide them into two beings, and many generations of humans will come from the first Adam.
2. To whom is Elohim speaking when He states, “Behold, I have given to you every herb seeding seed …”? He is speaking to Adam as if he is every human because all humans will proceed from him and his lineage.
3. What is an herb seeding seed? An herb is any plant that normally doesn’t put on wood. (Sometimes, the stem remains green and supple; sometimes, it puts on a layer that looks like wood, but is very weak.) One that seeds seed is one that produces seeds, which is what all herbs do. It makes seeds (if given opportunity), and then spreads them around.
4. What does “that a fruit is of a tree seeding seed via him” mean? This means that a tree will make a fruit, and the seed will be made by the fruit that is forming.
Some fruits of trees have seeds inside the fruits. Some fruits of trees have seeds outside the fruits. Some fruits of trees are the seeds (like nuts). In all cases, the seeds form as the fruits develop.
5. Why was the development of seeds by the fruits so important to God? Why didn’t He make some trees to produce seeds in a location separate from the fruits that the trees produce? Normally, the fruit of a plant is what is beneficial to birds, animals and humans that are able to eat the fruit. (Not all fruits of plants are edible to all creatures.) It provides a source of food and supports life to an eater. The fruit can be beautiful, too!
The seed of a natural plant (one that man hasn’t changed to get special results) reproduces the genetic stock of the parent plant or plants. In farming and gardening, one identifies plants that produce good fruit, and then saves its seed to multiply the plants for the future to produce more good fruit. Bad seeds (seeds that produce bad-tasting or disease prone or low yields, etc.) are normally discarded. The life of a plant is in its seed. Some seeds properly preserved can grow when planted even after thousands of years, like the seeds found in Egyptian pyramids!
This has everything to do with what Elohim desires from humans. Elohim desires each human to bear good fruit during his/her lifetime—not like the fruit of a tree that one can eat, but what God calls good fruit, which is doing good works: things that benefit others during the person’s life and sometimes long after the person’s life.
Any person can bear good fruit by doing what is right and pleasing to God; He gives the standards of righteousness (being right) in the Bible. When these works are then combined with a proper fear of God and faith, the seed of God can form in that person. He or she can then become a son or daughter of Yehovah. Since such a person will have everlasting life, the seed will then everlastingly produce good fruit!
It is not the job of a plant to throw its fruit at others, but simply to produce good fruit. When a person produces good fruit, others can ‘eat’ of it. The person who ‘eats’ this fruit can then also determine to bear good fruit while consistently walking in righteousness and the fear of God.
What each person does every day that is right or wrong, good or bad, in truth or in lies, is the person’s fruit. If the fruit is consistently good, God is well-pleased. The seed of God is the speech of God (most call it the Word of God). Producing good fruit is excellent; yet, one must have and believe the speech of God in order to obtain everlasting life. The seed of God can germinate so that this person becomes a son or daughter of God, bearing good fruit with the seed that likewise can produce good fruit in another if that person desires to eat!
Anyone who occasionally does bad or does bad consistently shows that the seed of God is not in the person.
(What is so good is this: A person can start out coming from bad seed, and then, through the New Birth, become a seed of Avraham, which is not only good seed, but seed that will produce good fruit. Avraham is the father of all who are, have been, and will be born of God.)
God always will connect the fruit with the seeds.
6. Who is he in, “He shall be food to you …”? He is the fruit! The fruits of various green herbs and trees will be food to (and thus, for) humans. The fruit of the trees of the garden are all edible!
7. Did humans eat meat at this time? No. They were originally designed to be vegetarian.
8. For what varieties of creatures will the herbs and the fruits of the trees be for food? The following are included in the description:
- Every living creature of the land
- Every flyer of the heavens
- Every creeper upon the land that has a living being
9. What is a living (creature) of the land? It is every living creature that dwells on the land including creatures like cattle, beavers, horses, panthers, turtles, etc.
10. What are included in every flyer of the heavens? This includes birds of all varieties, flying insects, etc.
11. What are included in every creeper upon the land? This includes the insects, snakes, lizards, crawdads, etc.
12. Why is “in which is a living being” added? This text explains that every living creature has a being; thus, they are living beings.
A being includes three parts:
- The physical body
- The soul (in which is found the personality installed by God and character that is determined by the creature itself)
- The spirit (which gives life to the physical body)
Humans are everlasting souls. Animals, birds and insects are temporary souls. All everlasting souls will be held everlastingly accountable for what they did and said.
13. Are there examples of living creatures, flyers, and creepers that aren’t living beings? The answer is no, since dead creatures (like inanimate objects) aren’t living creatures.
14. The next part of the text states, “every green of an herb is for food.” Is every herb truly for food? Aren’t some poisonous? The herbs that Elohim provided were not poisonous for the creatures that ate them. He also gave creatures instinct to know what to eat and what part of the plant to eat. Thus, every herb without exception was useful for food.
15. The last statement is, “And he was so.” What was so? He was so! He included everything that Elohim said and did at this time. Everything that He pronounced occurred exactly as He pronounced it.
XI. Very Good! (verse 31)
Elohim now saw all that He had made. It was all very good! The evening came, and then came the morning: Day Sixth!
1. What all had Elohim made? He made (including what He created, and what He did):
- The planet
- The heavens
- The firmament
- The waters gather into one place
- The dry land appear
- The light appear
- The firmament take its position
- Day and night
- The light sources (that lighten, divide between day and night, notify man of signs, appointments, days, and years)
- The large sea creatures
- The small sea creatures
- The plants of all kinds (trees and herbs)
- Fruits and seeds
- The animals including cattle, creepers, etc.
- The birds
- The insects (those that swarm, and those that do not)
He made other things that aren’t mentioned and that are very important to life on this planet. For example, the text doesn’t mention the fungi. Without fungi, there would not be life on this planet! The fungi are servants to plants and animals, and are very beautiful in so many cases!
2. How can Elohim see all that He made? He sees everything in all directions and locations at all times! (He is omnivident!) He can do this very easily!
3. Why does the text add very in front of good in verse 31? This creation was now finished! The individual parts were good, but His design included everything beneficially and productively working together. Nothing was finished until He had made man in His image! Thus, once He made man and told man his work (including serving the soil and subduing His creation), as well as what he could eat, this creation was finished! (There will be other smaller creations in the Bible!)
This completed design was very good! All things worked together very well!
4. How many days are included from Genesis 1:1 to Genesis 1:31? There were multitudes of days that occurred between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2! The six days mentioned are from Genesis 1:3 to Genesis 1:31! We are not told the number of years of days that come before Genesis 1:3, but it is very great!
5. Why did Elohim design days to start with the evening? He designed it this way because it is a reflection of what will happen in the End Times.
As a result of sin (described later in Genesis), darkness and death now dwells in His creation. The Tribulation (a time of great and terrible trouble many centuries from now) will be a time of great darkness, referring to both the shutting off of light for a while, and the other kind of darkness (spiritual darkness) when so many humans will do the worst evil humans have ever done.
After this time of great darkness will come the sunrise. Elohim Himself will come to Earth as the Messiah of Israel (the One anointed and assigned to a task: in this case, as the rescuer of Israel and all Saints). He will come in great light to save the world from darkness. Then will come the Millennium, which will be a time of all things working very well together under His rule and in His light!
Thus, every day pictures a miniature of what is coming: how Messiah will save, and how the darkness will end.
Genesis 1: The Beginning
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Background and Printed Text: Genesis 1
Genesis 1:1 In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the land.